Japanese Manufacturing Techniques: Nine Hidden Lessons in Simplicity
Simon and Schuster, 1982 - Business & Economics - 260 pages
Japanese productivity and quality standards have fired the imagination of American managers, but until now there has been little explanation of how to do it -- how to apply Japanese methods at the actual operating level of U.S. manufacturing plants. This book shows you how, exposing otherwise well-informed westernized readers to a new world of management ideas. Author Richard J. Schonberger demonstrates that the Japanese formula for success is based on a number of specific, interrelated techniques -- stunning in their simplicity -- and he shows how these techniques can be put to work in American industries today. Here, in a clear, handbook format, are nine "lessons" for American manufacturers, introducing scores of techniques aimed at simplifying the overly-complex purchasing, inventory, assembly-fine, and quality-control processes of U.S. firms. At the heart of Japanese manufacturing success are two overlapping strategies: "just-in-time" production and "total quality control." Some American manufacturers already know a little about these methods, but Richard Schonberger provides the most comprehensive description of these techniques available: how they developed, how they all fit together, why they are so potent, and how they "snowball" -- unleashing a powerful chain reaction of productivity and quality control improvements each time more simplification is introduced. Japanese Manufacturing Techniques will change the way you think. Much of the received wisdom of American management -- "just-in-case" order quantities, statistical sampling for quality Control, and large inventory buffer stocks, for example -- is dismissed by the Japanese as muri, muda, mura: excess, waste, unevenness. In many cases, the Japanese technique is exactly the opposite of American practice ("just-in-time" ordering, quality control at the source, and elimination of buffer stocks altogether). By emphasizing practical techniques, Schonberger shows how you can implement new methods right away -- without waiting for government policy or market conditions or worker behavior to change. The techniques themselves will improve your productivity and quality, provide strategic advantages in gaining market share, and transform worker behavior. And the author backs his nine lessons with concrete examples of how Japanese techniques are being applied in U.S. plants today. Nearly 20 tables and figures illustrate the "lessons" given here, and a special appendix describes in full the Toyota-developed kanban inventory system, with the first explanation in English of single-card versus dual-card kanban. This remarkable book carries you beyond theories and concepts. It's for practical managers who want results: better quality control and greater productivity. Implement these simple steps, and you can begin improving your division's performance now.
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American assembly line benefits buffer inventories buffer stock buyer C-kanban chapter concept contract conveyors cut setup delivery devices discussed dual-card kanban economic order quantity employees engineering equipment example factory Figure final assembly fishbone flexibility foremen implemented inspection inventory control Japa Japan Japanese companies Japanese industry Japanese managers Japanese manufacturers Japanese plants Japanese system JIT buying JIT purchasing JIT/TQC job rotation Juran just-in-time production just-in-time system kanban system labor less Lincoln lot sizes machine material requirements planning materials ment mixed-model motorcycle nese operation output percent plant configuration process control production line programs pull system punch presses QC circles quality circles quality control circles quality improvement quality problems quantity rework robots Sanyo setup cost single-card kanban staff station Stock Point suppliers techniques tion total quality control Toyota Toyota Production System TRI-CON United Western industry workers zero defects