Surfing Uncertainty: Prediction, Action, and the Embodied Mind
How is it that thoroughly physical material beings such as ourselves can think, dream, feel, create and understand ideas, theories and concepts? How does mere matter give rise to all these non-material mental states, including consciousness itself? An answer to this central question of our existence is emerging at the busy intersection of neuroscience, psychology, artificial intelligence, and robotics. In this groundbreaking work, philosopher and cognitive scientist Andy Clark explores exciting new theories from these fields that reveal minds like ours to be prediction machines - devices that have evolved to anticipate the incoming streams of sensory stimulation before they arrive. These predictions then initiate actions that structure our worlds and alter the very things we need to engage and predict. Clark takes us on a journey in discovering the circular causal flows and the self-structuring of the environment that define "the predictive brain." What emerges is a bold, new, cutting-edge vision that reveals the brain as our driving force in the daily surf through the waves of sensory stimulation.
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agent alter attention autism Bayesian Bayesian inference behaviour binocular rivalry bodily bottom-up brain chapter Cognitive Sciences complex computational context cortex cortical cues deploy dynamics effects embodied embodied agents emerge encoding environment estimations example expectations experience explore external exteroceptive feedforward flow fMRI forward model Friston Frith functional grip hierarchical higher level Hinton Hohwy human hypothesis illusion incoming sensory inner model interacting interoceptive kind learning minimize mirror neurons motion illusions motor commands movements multilevel neural neurons Neuroscience neurotypical ongoing patterns perception and action precision precision-weighting prediction error signals prediction-driven predictive coding predictive processing prior probabilistic proprioceptive proprioceptive predictions representations response result robot role saccades salient scene schizophrenia sense sensory data sensory information sensory input sensory prediction error sensory receptors sensory signal sensory stimulation simple smooth pursuit sory spatial strategy structure suggests target task tion tive top-down predictions trajectories uncertainty visual visual perception Wolpert