American Allies in Times of War: The Great Asymmetry

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OUP Oxford, Aug 22, 2013 - Political Science - 181 pages
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This book focuses on military cooperation between the United States and its allies in times of war and asks: why are allies so unpredictable? It shows that alliance demands related to military cooperation cannot always be fulfilled by democratic allies due to domestic political constraints.Additionally, concerns over military feasibility can further constrain governments in committing resources to war. Taking these constraints into account is key to explaining the varying levels of military cooperation between democratic allies. This book also explains how American allies can turn down US requests for political and military support. It shows how these allies can deploy strategies to overcome power asymmetries by resorting to leveraging, hedging, and compensation tactics. While they can rarely influence their dominantalliance partner decisively, they are successful in resisting pressures exerted by the US. The argument builds on three central claims. First, power asymmetries between allies translate into different assessments of international threats. Second, when disagreements over threats arise, the outcome ofintra-alliance bargaining is not necessarily dictated by the stronger power. Third, secondary states face a policy trade-off between establishing a reputation as a reliable alliance partner and pursuing politically-safer alternatives. The empirical focus of the book is on formal US allies, as they have the most to gain or lose by going along with American plans. The case studies are the United Kingdom, Canada, and Australia's response to the war in Afghanistan and the war in Iraq during the period from 2001 to 2003.
 

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Contents

Why are Allies so Unpredictable?
1
2 A Theory of Asymmetric Security Cooperation
26
The UK and the War on Terror
59
4 CanadaUS Relations and the War on Terror
86
Regional Power Global War
113
Overcoming the Great Asymmetry
138
Bibliography
153
Index
175
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Stefanie von Hlatky, Assistant Professor, Department of Political Studies, Queen's University

Stefanie von Hlatky is assistant professor of political studies at Queen's University. She received her PhD in Political Science from Universite de Montreal in 2010, where she was also Executive Director for the Centre for International Peace and Security Studies. In 2010, she was a postdoctoral fellow at Georgetown University's Center for Peace and Security Studies and a policy scholar with the Canada Institute at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars in Washington, D.C. In 2011, she was a Visiting Professor at Dartmouth College's Dickey Center for International Understanding. Prior to joining Queen's, von Hlatky was a senior researcher with the Center for Security Studies at ETH Zurich. She is also the founder of Women in International Security-Canada.

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