Food Security and Sociopolitical Stability
Global food price spikes in 2008 and again in 2011 coincided with a surge of political unrest in low- and middle-income countries. Angry consumers took to the streets in scores of nations. In some places, food riots turned violent, pressuring governments and in a few cases contributed to their overthrow. Foreign investors sparked a new global land rush, adding a different set of pressures. With scientists cautioning that the world has entered a new era of steadily rising food prices, perhaps aggravated by climate change, the specter of widespread food insecurity and sociopolitical instability weighs on policymakers worldwide. In the past few years, governments and philanthropic foundations began redoubling efforts to resuscitate agricultural research and technology transfer, as well as to accelerate the modernization of food value chains to deliver high quality food inexpensively, faster, and in greater volumes to urban consumers. But will these efforts suffice? This volume explores the complex relationship between food security and sociopolitical stability up to roughly 2025. Organized around a series of original essays by leading global technical experts, a key message of this volume is that actions taken in an effort to address food security stressors may have consequences for food security, stability, or both that ultimately matter far more than the direct impacts of biophysical drivers such as climate or land or water scarcity. The means by which governments, firms, and private philanthropies tackle the food security challenge of the coming decade will fundamentally shape the relationship between food security and sociopolitical stability.
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Food Security and Its Implications for Global Sociopolitical Stability
Scenarios for Supply Demand and Prices
3 What Do We Know About the Climate of the Next Decade?
4 The Global Land Rush
5 Global Freshwater and Food Security in the Face of Potential Adversity
6 Managing Marine Resources for Food and Human Security
7 Crop Technologies for the Coming Decade
How Will They Shape Food Environmental Health and Global Security?
A Humanitarian Perspective
12 Moral Economies of Food Security and Protest in Latin America
13 Food Security and Sociopolitical Stability in SubSaharan Africa
Food Security and Stability in the Middle East and North Africa
15 Food Security and Sociopolitical Stability in Eastern Europe and Central Asia
16 Food Security and Sociopolitical Stability in South Asia
17 When China Runs Out of Farmers
18 Food Security and Sociopolitical Stability in East and Southeast Asia
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agricultural productivity agricultural R&D aquaculture areas Asian availability average biofuel Brazil breeding cereal challenges China climate change commodity conflict consumers crises crisis crop decade decline demand developing countries domestic drought East and North effects ENSO environmental expansion factors famine farm farmers fish fisheries Food Policy food price spikes food production food security genetic global food grain hectares households humanitarian IFPRI impact important improved income increase India Indonesia infrastructure insecurity instability Institute International Food investment irrigation Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan labor migration land Latin America livestock losses maize markets Middle East million Niņo North Africa percent political poor population potential poverty predict programs rates reduce region response rice risk rural scenarios sector security and sociopolitical smallholder sociopolitical stability Somalia South Asia sub-Saharan Africa supply technologies tion trade trends Ukraine unrest urban variability volatility vulnerable wheat World Bank World Food Programme yields