Food Security and Sociopolitical Stability

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OUP Oxford, Sep 26, 2013 - Business & Economics - 512 pages
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Global food price spikes in 2008 and again in 2011 coincided with a surge of political unrest in low- and middle-income countries. Angry consumers took to the streets in scores of nations. In some places, food riots turned violent, pressuring governments and in a few cases contributed to their overthrow. Foreign investors sparked a new global land rush, adding a different set of pressures. With scientists cautioning that the world has entered a new era of steadily rising food prices, perhaps aggravated by climate change, the specter of widespread food insecurity and sociopolitical instability weighs on policymakers worldwide. In the past few years, governments and philanthropic foundations began redoubling efforts to resuscitate agricultural research and technology transfer, as well as to accelerate the modernization of food value chains to deliver high quality food inexpensively, faster, and in greater volumes to urban consumers. But will these efforts suffice? This volume explores the complex relationship between food security and sociopolitical stability up to roughly 2025. Organized around a series of original essays by leading global technical experts, a key message of this volume is that actions taken in an effort to address food security stressors may have consequences for food security, stability, or both that ultimately matter far more than the direct impacts of biophysical drivers such as climate or land or water scarcity. The means by which governments, firms, and private philanthropies tackle the food security challenge of the coming decade will fundamentally shape the relationship between food security and sociopolitical stability.
 

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Contents

Food Security and Its Implications for Global Sociopolitical Stability
1
Scenarios for Supply Demand and Prices
35
3 What Do We Know About the Climate of the Next Decade?
64
4 The Global Land Rush
95
5 Global Freshwater and Food Security in the Face of Potential Adversity
120
6 Managing Marine Resources for Food and Human Security
142
7 Crop Technologies for the Coming Decade
169
How Will They Shape Food Environmental Health and Global Security?
201
A Humanitarian Perspective
279
12 Moral Economies of Food Security and Protest in Latin America
302
13 Food Security and Sociopolitical Stability in SubSaharan Africa
323
Food Security and Stability in the Middle East and North Africa
357
15 Food Security and Sociopolitical Stability in Eastern Europe and Central Asia
381
16 Food Security and Sociopolitical Stability in South Asia
406
17 When China Runs Out of Farmers
428
18 Food Security and Sociopolitical Stability in East and Southeast Asia
452

9 Labor Migration and Food Security in a Changing Climate
229
10 Trade Policies and Global Food Security
256

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About the author (2013)


Christopher B. Barrett, Stephen B. and Janice G. Ashley Professor of Applied Economics and Management and International Professor of Agriculture, Charles H. Dyson School of Applied Economics and Management, and Professor, Department of Economics, Cornell University

Chris Barrett is the Stephen B. and Janice G. Ashley Professor of Applied Economics and Management and International Professor of Agriculture in the Charles H. Dyson School of Applied Economics and Management as well as Professor in the Department of Economics at Cornell University where he also serves as the Director of the Cornell Institute for International Food, Agriculture and Development's initiative on Stimulating Agricultural and Rural Transformation. He holds degrees from Princeton (A.B., History, 1984), Oxford (M.S., Development Economics, 1985) and the University of Wisconsin-Madison (dual Ph.D., Economics and Agricultural Economics, 1994). He has published several books and more than 250 journal articles or book chapters. He served as editor of the American Journal of Agricultural Economics 2003-2008, and is an associate editor or editorial board member of the African Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics and the Egerton (Kenya) Journal of Humanities.