New Thinking about Propositions
OUP Oxford, 2014 - Language Arts & Disciplines - 256 pages
Philosophy (especially philosophy of language and philosophy of mind), science (especially linguistics and cognitive science), and common sense all sometimes make reference to propositions—understood as the things we believe and say, and the things which are (primarily) true or false. There is, however, no widespread agreement about what sorts of things these entities are. In New Thinking about Propositions, Jeffrey C. King, Scott Soames, and Jeff Speaks argue that commitment to propositions is indispensable, and that traditional accounts of propositions are inadequate. They each then defend their own views of the nature of propositions.
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account of propositions agent predicates Amelia talks argument arithmetic reduces assert believes Chapter Cicero claim cognitive access cognitive acts cognitive event types complex conception of propositions constituents contents of perceptual encodes ascription entertaining the proposition entities event tokens events of predication example explain factive false fictionalist Fregean Hence how/why instantiated John King King’s lexical items means Michael swims natural language sentences non-factive contexts objects one’s ontology paratactic perceptual experiences Philosophical plausible possible worlds predicate properties predicating redness problem prop properties of propositions property of swimming propo proposition expressed proposition sentences proposition that Michael propositional attitudes propositional relation propositions have truth question relevant representational properties representationally rule of inference Scott Soames seems semantic significance semantic theory semantic value sense sentential relation sitions Soames Soames’s sort Speaks Speaks’s structure syntactic relation tences terminal node theory of propositions tion true iff truth conditions view of propositions view that propositions world-states