What Is Adaptive about Adaptive Memory?
Bennett L. Schwartz
OUP USA, 2013 - Psychology - 332 pages
Human memory, like other biological systems, has been subject to natural selection over the course of evolution. However, cognitive systems do not fossilize, which means that current researchers must infer evolutionary influences on human memory from current human behavior rather than from fossils or artifacts. Examining the potential for cognition as adaptation has often been ignored by cognitive psychology. Recently, a number of researchers have identified variables that affect human memory that may reflect these ancestral influences. These include survival processing, future-oriented processing, spatial memory, cheater detection, face memory and a variety of social influences on memory. The current volume grew out of discussion at the symposium on survival processing at the SARMAC conference in June 2011, in New York City. The goal of this volume will be to present the best theoretical and empirical work on the adaptive nature of memory. It features the most current work of a number of cognitive psychologists, developmental psychologists, comparative psychologists and cognitive neuroscientists, who have focused on this issue. This is important because much this work is necessarily interdisciplinary and is therefore spread out across a range of journals and conferences.
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ability Adaptive memory adults Animal Cognition behavior Burns cheaters chimpanzee conceptual context control conditions Cosmides Derbish domain-specific elaboration encoding enhanced episodic memory Erdfelder evolution evolutionary psychology evolved Experiment Experimental Psychology face perception face recognition false memories fitness-relevant free recall function grasslands hypothesis images implicit memory instructions interaction item-specific and relational item-specific processing Journal of Experimental Klein Kroneisen Learning levels list type mechanisms Memory & Cognition memory advantage memory effect memory performance memory processes memory systems mortality salience Nairne & Pandeirada natural selection negative one’s Otgaar participants perceptual planning pleasantness rating prosopagnosia Psychological Science rating task relational processing relevant remember retention retrieval Roediger Schacter self-reference self-referential processing semantic Smeets social Soderstrom source memory spatial specific stimuli suggested survival condition survival processing advantage survival processing effect survival processing paradigm survival recall advantage survival scenario survival-related tion Tooby Tulving vival processing