Soft Matter Physics: An Introduction

Front Cover
Springer Science & Business Media, May 28, 2007 - Science - 637 pages
Introductions to solid state physics have, ever since the initial book by F. Seitz in 1940, concentrated on simple crystals, with few atoms per cell, bonded together by strong ionic, covalent, or metallic bonds. References to weaker bonds, such as van der Waals forces in rare gases, or to geometric or chemical disorder (e.g., alloys or glasses) have been limited. The physical understanding of this ?eld started well before Seitz’s book and led to a number of Nobel prizes after the last war. Applications cover classical metallurgy, el- tronics, geology and building materials, as well as electrical and ionic transport, chemical reactivity, ferroelectricity and magnetism. But in parallel with this general and well publicized trend, and sometimes earlier as far as physical concepts were concerned, an exploration and increasingly systematic study of softer matter has developed through the twentieth century. More often in the hands of physical chemists and crystallographers than those of pure physicists, the ?eld had for a long time a reputation of complexity. If progress in polymers was steady but slow, interest in liquid crystals had lain dormant for forty years, after a bright start lasting through 1925, to be revived in the late 1960s based on their possible use in imaging techniques. The optoelectronic properties of the ?eld in general are even more recent.
 

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Contents

General Characters the Chemical Bond
1
Structural Properties
15
Atomic and Molecular Arrangements
42
Amplitude and Phase
76
Phase Transitions
105
Elasticity of Mesomorphic Phases
135
Dynamics of Isotropic and Anisotropic Fluids
184
Fractals and Growth Phenomena
223
UniaxialNematicPhase
454
Surface Phenomena
472
Stability of Colloidal Systems
519
The Central Limit Theorem
593
Table of Constants
604
ScrewDislocation
605
Subject Index
617
261
622

2
262
Dislocations in Smectic and Columnar Phases
300
Curvature Defects in Smectics and Columnar Phases
337
Disclinations and Topological Point Defects Fluid Relaxation
388
Topological Theory of Defects
434
560
625
287
628
577
633
294
635
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