France and the Cult of the Sacred Heart: An Epic Tale for Modern Times

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University of California Press, Sep 20, 2000 - History - 308 pages
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In a richly layered and beautifully illustrated narrative, Raymond Jonas tells the fascinating and surprisingly little-known story of the Sacré-Coeur, or Sacred Heart. The highest point in Paris and a celebrated tourist destination, the white-domed basilica of Sacré-Coeur on Montmartre is a key monument both to French Catholicism and to French national identity. Jonas masterfully reconstructs the history of the devotion responsible for the basilica, beginning with the apparition of the Sacred Heart to Marguerite Marie Alacoque in the seventeenth century, through the French Revolution and its aftermath, to the construction of the monumental church that has loomed over Paris since the end of the nineteenth century.

Jonas focuses on key moments in the development of the cult: the founding apparition, its invocation during the plague of Marseilles, its adaptation as a royalist symbol during the French Revolution, and its elevation to a central position in Catholic devotional and political life in the crisis surrounding the Franco-Prussian War. He draws on a wealth of archival sources to produce a learned yet accessible narrative that encompasses a remarkable sweep of French politics, history, architecture, and art.
 

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Contents

The effigy of MargueriteMarie Alacoque
11
The Sacred Heart appears to MargueriteMarie Alacoque
15
Léon Bénouville The Mystical Communion of Saint Catherine of Siena
20
MargueriteMarie Alacoque and the image of the Sacred Heart of Jesus
29
The Hearts of Jesus and Mary Presented to France as Her Supreme Hope
32
AnneMadeleine Rémuzat
38
NicolasAndré Monsiau The Devotion of Monsignor de Belsunce
40
Bishop Belsunce consecrates Marseille to the Sacred Heart
51
Beneath the walls of Rome
162
The banner of the Sacred Heart at the battle of Loigny
166
Alexandre Legentil lay founder of the basilica of the SacréCoeur
170
building the church of the national
177
Joseph Hippolyte Guibert archbishop of Paris from 1871 to 1886
179
An unsuccessful design for the SacréCoeur de Montmartre
188
Paul Abadies design for the SacréCoeur de Montmartre
190
SaintFront de Périgueux before restoration by Paul Abadie
193

Bishop Belsunce leads a procession through the streets of Marseille
52
A Way to Force Aristocratic Bishops and Curates to Take the Oath
63
The Majestic Procession of the Relics of Saint Geneviève to the Church of NotreDame
71
The Sequence of the Cortege to Translate the Remains of Voltaire
74
Handpainted Sacred Heart emblem
85
the sacred heart and the counterrevolution
91
Elisabeth de France devotee of the Sacred Heart
94
JeanJacques Hauer The Vow of Louis XVI
98
Pierre Bouillon The Trial of MarieAntoinette
101
PierreNarcisse Guérin Henri de La Rochejaquelein
108
in the vendée
110
Madame and Mademoiselles de la Billais Martyrs of the Sacred Heart
116
the sacred heart and the return of kings
118
Robert Lefevre Louis de Lescure
122
JeanBaptiste PaulinGuérin FrançoisAthanase de Charette de la Contrie
123
Solemn Benediction of a Mission Cross
127
Fougea attr Funeral Rites for Marat at the Hall of the Cordeliers
130
JeanAugusteDominique Ingres The Vow of Louis XIII
136
rome war and the onset of the terrible year
147
Souvenir of the 1865 consecration of the diocese of Laval to the SacréCoeur
152
François Désiré Edouard Pie bishop of Poitiers from 1849 to 1880
155
Athanase de Charette in the uniform of the Papal Zouaves
159
A generation remembers the giants of the Vendée
161
SaintFront de Périgueux restored by Paul Abadie
194
Cardinal Guibert and the basilica of the SacréCoeur as exvoto
196
a modern magdalene seeks forgiveness
198
Sacratissimo Cordi Jesu Gallia poenitens ac devota
199
Foundations for the SacréCoeur
202
Benediction
203
The provisional chapel on Montmartre
205
The foundations of the SacréCoeur after the completion
206
Pilgrimage procession on Montmartre
208
thecarte du SacréCoeur
209
A profile of the church fills as donations come in
212
Lifting stones into place
213
Prayers wrapped in stone
214
A SacréCoeur souvenir
217
a vision captured in mosaic
224
The Sacred Heart in triumph
225
Belsunce consecrates Marseille to the Sacred Heart
227
The vow of Louis XVI
228
General de Sonis hero of the battle of Loigny
232
bibliography
277
index
303
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About the author (2000)

Raymond Jonas, Professor of History at the University of Washington, is the author of France and the Cult of the Sacred Heart: An Epic Tale for Modern Times (California, 2000), Industry and Politics in Rural France: Peasants of the Isère, 1870-1914 (1994), and Le Sacré-Coeur; histoire d'une dévotion du XVIe au XXe siècle (2004).

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