Blood Politics: Race, Culture, and Identity in the Cherokee Nation of Oklahoma
Circe Sturm takes a bold and original approach to one of the most highly charged and important issues in the United States today: race and national identity. Focusing on the Oklahoma Cherokee, she examines how Cherokee identity is socially and politically constructed, and how that process is embedded in ideas of blood, color, and race. Not quite a century ago, blood degree varied among Cherokee citizens from full blood to 1/256, but today the range is far greater--from full blood to 1/2048. This trend raises questions about the symbolic significance of blood and the degree to which blood connections can stretch and still carry a sense of legitimacy. It also raises questions about how much racial blending can occur before Cherokees cease to be identified as a distinct people and what danger is posed to Cherokee sovereignty if the federal government continues to identify Cherokees and other Native Americans on a racial basis. Combining contemporary ethnography and ethnohistory, Sturm's sophisticated and insightful analysis probes the intersection of race and national identity, the process of nation formation, and the dangers in linking racial and national identities.
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African Americans anthropologist argue biological blood quantum CDIB century Cher Cherokee Baptist Cherokee blood Cherokee by blood Cherokee citizens Cherokee citizenship Cherokee clan Cherokee culture Cherokee freedmen Cherokee identity Cherokee kinship Cherokee language Cherokee Nation Cherokee political Cherokee religious Cherokee social Cherokee towns Cherokee tribal Cherokee woman Choctaw claims conflate Cornsilk court Dawes Act Dawes Commission Dawes Rolls degree of Cherokee descendants discourse distinct dominant economic endogamy enrolled Euroamerican European exogamy father’s federal government Fogelson important Indian blood individuals Keetoowah kinship system language leaders marry Cherokee matrilineal matrilineal clan McLoughlin 1993 mixed-blood mother multiracial Native Americans Nero non-Indians northeastern Oklahoma okee percent Perdue phenotypically Press Principal Chief race racial hegemony racial hierarchy racial identity racial ideologies resistance Ross Ross Swimmer sense slavery slaves social classification Tahlequah tion Treaty tribal citizens tribal government tribe University Wahrhaftig 1975 white-Cherokees women