The Early Upper Paleolithic Beyond Western Europe

Front Cover
P. Jeffrey Brantingham, Steven L. Kuhn, Kristopher W. Kerry
University of California Press, Jun 2, 2004 - Science - 295 pages
This volume brings together prominent archaeologists working in areas outside Western Europe to discuss the most recent evidence for the origins of the early Upper Paleolithic and its relationship to the origin of modern humans. With a wealth of primary data from archaeological sites and regions that have never before been published and discussions of materials from difficult-to-find sources, the collection urges readers to reconsider the process of modern human behavioral origins.

Archaeological evidence continues to play a critical role in debates over the origins of anatomically modern humans. The appearance of novel Upper Paleolithic technologies, new patterns of land use, expanded social networks, and the emergence of complex forms of symbolic communication point to a behavioral revolution beginning sometime around 45,000 years ago. Until recently, most of the available evidence for this revolution derived from Western European archaeological contexts that suggested an abrupt replacement of Mousterian Middle Paleolithic with Aurignacian Upper Paleolithic adaptations. In the absence of fossil association, the behavioral transition was thought to reflect the biological replacement of archaic hominid populations by intrusive modern humans.

The contributors present new archaeological evidence that tells a very different story: The Middle-Upper Paleolithic transitions in areas as diverse as the Levant, Eastern-Central Europe, and Central and Eastern Asia are characterized both by substantial behavioral continuity over the period 45,000-25,000 years ago and by a mosaic-like pattern of shifting adaptations. Together these essays will enliven and enrich the discussion of the shift from archaic to modern behavioral adaptations.

Contributors: O. Bar-Yosef, A. Belfer-Cohen, R. L. Bettinger, P. J. Brantingham, N. R. Coinman, A. P. Derevianko, R. G. Elston, J. R. Fox, X. Gao, J. M. Geneste, T. Goebel, E. Güleç, K. W. Kerry, L. Koulakovskaia, J. K. Kozlowski, S. L. Kuhn, Y. V. Kuzmin, D. B. Madsen, A. E. Marks, L. Meignen, T. Meshveliani, K. Monigal, P. E. Nehoroshev, J. W. Olsen, M. Otte, M. C. Stiner,J. Svoboda, A. Sytnik, D. Tseveendorj, L. B. Vishnyatsky
 

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Contents

by chapter number
9
Early Upper Paleolithic Backed Blade Industries in Central
14
Continuities Discontinuities and Interactions in Early Upper
30
Koulichivka and Its Place in the MiddleUpper Paleolithic Transition
50
bifacial foliates
72
The Beginning of the Upper Paleolithic on the Russian Plain
80
Russian Plain
81
Molodovan cultures
91
bladelets
148
The MiddleUpper Paleolithic Interface in Former Soviet Central Asia
151
The Early Upper Paleolithic of Siberia
162
A Geoarchaeological
196
Initial Upper Paleolithic Blade Industries from the NorthCentral
207
points
219
The Initial Upper Paleolithic at Shuidonggou Northwestern China
223
The Early Upper Paleolithic and the Origins of Modern
242

Evidence from
97
The View from
113
The Upper Paleolithic in Western Georgia
129
The Aurignacian in Asia
144
REFERENCES
249
LIST OF CONTRIBUTORS
285
Copyright

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About the author (2004)

P. Jeffrey Brantingham is Assistant Professor of Anthropology at the University of California, Los Angeles. Steven L. Kuhn is Associate Professor of Anthropology at the University of Arizona and author of Mousterian Lithic Technology: An Ecological Perspective (1995). Kristopher W. Kerry is a Ph.D. candidate in the Department of Anthropology at the University of Arizona.

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