The Early Upper Paleolithic Beyond Western Europe
P. Jeffrey Brantingham, Steven L. Kuhn, Kristopher W. Kerry
University of California Press, Jun 2, 2004 - Science - 295 pages
This volume brings together prominent archaeologists working in areas outside Western Europe to discuss the most recent evidence for the origins of the early Upper Paleolithic and its relationship to the origin of modern humans. With a wealth of primary data from archaeological sites and regions that have never before been published and discussions of materials from difficult-to-find sources, the collection urges readers to reconsider the process of modern human behavioral origins.
Archaeological evidence continues to play a critical role in debates over the origins of anatomically modern humans. The appearance of novel Upper Paleolithic technologies, new patterns of land use, expanded social networks, and the emergence of complex forms of symbolic communication point to a behavioral revolution beginning sometime around 45,000 years ago. Until recently, most of the available evidence for this revolution derived from Western European archaeological contexts that suggested an abrupt replacement of Mousterian Middle Paleolithic with Aurignacian Upper Paleolithic adaptations. In the absence of fossil association, the behavioral transition was thought to reflect the biological replacement of archaic hominid populations by intrusive modern humans.
The contributors present new archaeological evidence that tells a very different story: The Middle-Upper Paleolithic transitions in areas as diverse as the Levant, Eastern-Central Europe, and Central and Eastern Asia are characterized both by substantial behavioral continuity over the period 45,000-25,000 years ago and by a mosaic-like pattern of shifting adaptations. Together these essays will enliven and enrich the discussion of the shift from archaic to modern behavioral adaptations.
Contributors: O. Bar-Yosef, A. Belfer-Cohen, R. L. Bettinger, P. J. Brantingham, N. R. Coinman, A. P. Derevianko, R. G. Elston, J. R. Fox, X. Gao, J. M. Geneste, T. Goebel, E. Güleç, K. W. Kerry, L. Koulakovskaia, J. K. Kozlowski, S. L. Kuhn, Y. V. Kuzmin, D. B. Madsen, A. E. Marks, L. Meignen, T. Meshveliani, K. Monigal, P. E. Nehoroshev, J. W. Olsen, M. Otte, M. C. Stiner,J. Svoboda, A. Sytnik, D. Tseveendorj, L. B. Vishnyatsky
by chapter number
Early Upper Paleolithic Backed Blade Industries in Central
Continuities Discontinuities and Interactions in Early Upper
Koulichivka and Its Place in the MiddleUpper Paleolithic Transition
The Beginning of the Upper Paleolithic on the Russian Plain
The MiddleUpper Paleolithic Interface in Former Soviet Central Asia
The Early Upper Paleolithic of Siberia
Initial Upper Paleolithic Blade Industries from the NorthCentral
The Initial Upper Paleolithic at Shuidonggou Northwestern China
The Early Upper Paleolithic and the Origins of Modern
The View from
The Upper Paleolithic in Western Georgia
The Aurignacian in Asia
LIST OF CONTRIBUTORS
Agui akes AMS radiocarbon dates anatomically modern archaeological arched backed blades artifacts at-faced Aurignacian backed blades Bar-Yosef behavior bifacial bipolar blade cores blade technology bladelets blanks Bohunician Boker Tachtit Brantingham Buran-Kaya burins carinated Charcoal Châtelperronian Chikhen Agui classiµed complex core reduction cultural debitage Derevianko difµcult early Upper Paleolithic end scrapers Europe excavations faunal remains Goebel hominin identiµed initial Upper Paleolithic Kara Karakol Klde Korpatch Kostenki Koulichivka Kozlowski Kraków-Zwierzyniec late Pleistocene layer Lbova leaf points Levallois points Levallois-like Levant lithic assemblage microblade Middle Paleolithic Middle-Upper Paleolithic transition modern humans Molodova Mousterian Neanderthals Okladnikov Orlova platform radiocarbon dates radiometric dates raw material region retouched blades retouched tools River Russian Plain sediments sequence Shuidonggou Siberia side scrapers signiµcant stone Stránská skála stratigraphic stratum Svoboda Syia Szeletian Tolbaga Tor Sadaf Tsagaan Agui typological Üçag+izli unifacial Upper Paleo Upper Paleolithic assemblages Upper Paleolithic industries Upper Paleolithic sites Varvarina Varvarina Gora µgure µrst