The Island Chumash: Behavioral Ecology of a Maritime Society
Colonized as early as 13,500 years ago, the Northern Channel Islands of California offer some of the earliest evidence of human habitation along the west coast of North America. The Chumash people who lived on these islands are considered to be among the most socially and politically complex hunter-gatherers in the world. This book provides a powerful and innovative synthesis of the cultural and environmental history of the chain of islands. Douglas J. Kennett shows that the trends in cultural elaboration were, in part, set into motion by a series of dramatic environmental events that were the catalyst for the unprecedented social and political complexity observed historically.
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Anacapa archaeological record Arlington Canyon Arlington Springs Arnold artifacts assemblages Barbara Channel region beads behavior black abalone Bliege Bird bone burials California mussel Caņada Verde cemeteries changes chert Chumash society climatic coast of Santa Colten communities context Daisy Cave deposits diet-breadth model distribution drainages Early Holocene eastern Santa Cruz economic environmental Erlandson 1994 ethnohistoric evidence figure fish Glassow habitats human increases Interior Residence intertidal island Chumash Johnson Jones Kennett Kennett 1998 Kennett Kennett and Kennett Late Holocene Late Period locations Logistical Encampment mainland coast marine mammal marine productivity maritime microliths Middle Holocene northern Channel Islands Old Ranch Canyon pinnipeds plant foods Pleistocene population prehistoric primary villages radiocarbon dates red abalone resource patches return rates Rick San Miguel Island Santa Barbara Channel Santa Cruz Island Santa Rosa Island sea mammal settlement shellfish social Southern California species subsistence suggest Terminal Pleistocene terrestrial tion Walker Winterhalder