The Emerging Female Citizen: Gender and Enlightenment in Spain
Eighteenth-century Spanish women were not idle bystanders during one of Europe's most dynamic eras. As Theresa Ann Smith skillfully demonstrates in this lively and absorbing book, Spanish intellectuals, calling for Spain to modernize its political, social, and economic institutions, brought the question of women's place to the forefront, as did women themselves. In explaining how both discourse and women's actions worked together to define women's roles in the nation, The Emerging Female Citizen not only illustrates the rising visibility of women, but also reveals the complex processes that led to women's relatively swift exit from most public institutions in the early 1800s.
As artists, writers, and reformers, Spanish women took up pens, joined academies and economic societies, formed tertulias—similar to French salons—and became active in the burgeoning public discourse of Enlightenment. In analyzing the meaning of women's presence in diverse centers of Enlightenment, Smith offers a new interpretation of the dynamics among political discourse, social action, and gender ideologies.
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Part I Developing Ideologies of Citizenship
1 The Woman Question
Art and Letters
3 On Equal Terms? Membership in the Economic Society
Part II Enacting Citizenship
Writers and Reformers
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Academic of honor Academic of merit academy Amar y Borbón Amigos del País Archivo argues arguments Benavente biblioteca Cabarrús Cabarrús’s Cádiz Campomanes censor century Countess of Montijo critique debate Defense Defense of Women Demerson discourse Discurso discussion Early Modern Economic Society educación Eighteenth-Century Spain elite Enlightenment Spain España Española example explains Feijoo female admission female artists female authors Francisco French Fuerte-Híjar Gálvez García Gender Graffigny Graffigny’s Hispanic Ibid Ilustración ilustrada Inclusa industry intellectual Isabel Josefa Amar Jovellanos junta de damas Junta ordinaria la junta Legajo letter Levacher Libro de actas literary Madrid male Manco María Marín Marquise meeting men’s mujer nation Negrín Fajardo participation political Public exhibition Real Academia Real Sociedad Real Sociedad Económica reform role Romero royal salon San Fernando señoras siglo XVIII socias Society’s Spanish Spanish women statutes suggests tertulia translation treatise University Press Valladolid woman women’s admission women’s council writers Zilia