Species: A History of the Idea
"Few topics have engaged biologists and philosophers more than the concept of species, and arguably no idea is more important for evolutionary science. John S. Wilkins' book combines meticulous historical and philosophical analysis and thus provides new insights on the development of this most enduring of subjects."—Joel Cracraft, American Museum of Natural History
"This is not the potted history that one usually finds in texts and review articles. It is a fresh look at the history of a field central to biology, but one whose centrality has changed in scope over the centuries. Wilkins' book will be a standard source for all kinds of people working in systematics. There is not another book on the subject, amazingly enough, and his perspective is so comprehensive and well-taught that it will replace any standard review articles and older histories."—Kevin Padian, University of California, Berkeley
"An essential sourcebook for anyone interested in the species problem and the history of 'species.' Wilkins does a wonderful job detangling the various uses of 'species.' His book brings clarity to a topic marked by confusion and ambiguity."—Marc Ereshefsky, author of The Poverty of Linnaean Hierarchy: A Philosophical Study of Biological Taxonomy
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adaptive Agassiz Amundson animals Aristotelian Aristotle Aristotle’s asexual autapomorphic biological species biological species concept Buffon called century chapter characters cladistic cladogram classification common conception of species Cuvier Darwin debate define species definition of species descent differentia discussion distinct division Dobzhansky ecological eidos essentialism essentialist evolution evolutionary exist fact fixism forms gene genera genetic genus groups Hennig Hull hybrids ideas individuals influenced interbreed interbreeding Kant kind Kottler Lamarck later lineage Linnaean Linnaeus Linnaeus’s logical Mayr Mayr’s medieval modern monophyletic monophyly morphological natural history natural selection naturalists neo-Platonic nominalist notes notion of species organisms Origin Origin of Species philosophical phylogenetic plants Platnick Plato populations Porphyry predicated problem quoted rank Received View reproductive isolation says sense sexual speciation species concept species problem sterility Stresemann sympatric synapomorphic systematic taxa taxon taxonomic term species Theophrastus things thought tion tradition treated species universal variation varieties view of species Winsor