Across Atlantic Ice: The Origin of America's Clovis Culture

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Univ of California Press, Jun 3, 2013 - Social Science - 336 pages
Who were the first humans to inhabit North America? According to the now familiar story, mammal hunters entered the continent some 12,000 years ago via a land bridge that spanned the Bering Sea. Distinctive stone tools belonging to the Clovis culture established the presence of these early New World people. But are the Clovis tools Asian in origin? Drawing from original archaeological analysis, paleoclimatic research, and genetic studies, noted archaeologists Dennis J. Stanford and Bruce A. Bradley challenge the old narrative and, in the process, counter traditional—and often subjective—approaches to archaeological testing for historical relatedness. The authors apply rigorous scholarship to a hypothesis that places the technological antecedents of Clovis in Europe and posits that the first Americans crossed the Atlantic by boat and arrived earlier than previously thought. Supplying archaeological and oceanographic evidence to support this assertion, the book dismantles the old paradigm while persuasively linking Clovis technology with the culture of the Solutrean people who occupied France and Spain more than 20,000 years ago.
 

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User Review  - ritaer - LibraryThing

I will admit that I read only the introduction and the summary of this rather technical book. The average lay person will probably do the same as pages of drawings of flint points are rather dry ... Read full review

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User Review  - davidveal - LibraryThing

This is a masterful presentation of a fascinating new dimension to Native American studies, anthropological and prehistoric. It should be useful to the professional, but it is quite readable to the serious amateur. Read full review

Contents

A Primer
19
The First American Settlers?
31
Out of Asia on Foot
67
The Missing Links
89
Ice Age Innovators
116
Quantitative Culture Comparison
149
Qualitative Culture Comparison
162
The Solutrean Maritime Adaptation
186
How Bad Was the Weather?
204
Ethnographic Analogies
221
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About the author (2013)

Dennis J. Stanford is Curator of Archaeology and Director of the Paleoindian Program at the Smithsonian's National Museum of Natural History. Among his books is Ice Age Hunters of the Rockies. Bruce A. Bradley is Senior Lecturer in Archaeology at the University of Exeter and Director of its Experimental Archaeology Programme. His books include Clovis Technology.

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