Wagner, Schumann, and the Lessons of Beethoven's Ninth

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Univ of California Press, Apr 24, 2015 - Music - 232 pages
In this original study, Christopher Alan Reynolds examines the influence of BeethovenÕs Ninth Symphony on two major nineteenth-century composers, Richard Wagner and Robert Schumann. During 1845Š46 the compositional styles of Schumann and Wagner changed in a common direction, toward a style that was more contrapuntal, more densely motivic, and engaged in processes of thematic transformation. Reynolds shows that the stylistic advances that both composers made in Dresden in 1845Š46 stemmed from a deepened understanding of BeethovenÕs techniques and strategies in the Ninth Symphony. The evidence provided by their compositions from this pivotal year and the surrounding years suggests that they discussed BeethovenÕs Ninth with each other in the months leading up to the performance of this work, which Wagner conducted on Palm Sunday in 1846. Two primary aspects that appear to have interested them both are BeethovenÕs use of counterpoint involving contrary motion and his gradual development of the ŅOde to JoyÓ melody through the preceding movements. Combining a novel examination of the historical record with careful readings of the music, Reynolds adds further layers to this argument, speculating that Wagner and Schumann may not have come to these discoveries entirely independently of each other. The trail of influences that Reynolds explores extends back to the music of Bach and ahead to Tristan and Isolde, as well as to BrahmsÕs First Symphony.
 

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Contents

Introduction
1
Wagners Faustian Understanding of Beethovens Ninth
17
The Impact of the Ninth on The Flying Dutchman
37
Wagner Thematic Dispersion and Contrary Motion
59
Schumann Thematic Dispersion and Contrary Motion
86
Late Schumann Wagner and Bach
107
Brahmss Triple Response to the Ninth
135
Wagner and Schumann
160
Citations of Wagners Possible Allusions
171
Contrary Motion Counterpoint
177
Contrary Motion Counterpoint
182
Works Cited
199
Index
207
Copyright

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About the author (2015)

Christopher Alan Reynolds is Professor of Music at University of California, Davis, and author of Papal Patronage and the Music of St. PeterÕs, 1380Š1513 and Motives for Allusion: Context and Content in Nineteenth-Century Music (which was a finalist for the Otto Kinkeldey Award from the American Musicological Society in 2004). He is a past president of the American Musicological Society.

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