Voluntary Agencies in the Welfare State

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Univ of California Press, Jan 8, 2021 - 368 pages
The rise of the welfare state threatens the autonomy and survival of nonprofit voluntary agencies as providers of social services. Or does it?

In this cross-national, empirical study of the workings of voluntary agencies, Ralph M. Kramer cuts through the conceptual confusion surrounding voluntarism and the boundaries between the public and private sectors. He draws on a survey of voluntary agencies helping disabled people in four welfare democracies (the United States, England, Israel, and the Netherlands) to explain the virtues and flaws of different patterns of government-voluntary relationships in coping with the growing demand for human services.

Kramer concludes that many of the most cherished beliefs about the voluntary sector have little basis in fact. The most innovative agencies, for example, are not the smallest, but rather among the largest, most bureaucratized, and most professionalized. Government funding does not necessarily constrain agency autonomy. And giving voluntary agencies the primary responsibility for social services can reduce, not increase, citizen participation.

This comparative analysis of the distinctive competence, vulnerability, and potential of the voluntary agency should replace some of the myths that guide public policy and the day-to-day activities of social service agencies.
This title is part of UC Press's Voices Revived program, which commemorates University of California Press's mission to seek out and cultivate the brightest minds and give them voice, reach, and impact. Drawing on a backlist dating to 1893, Voices Revived makes high-quality, peer-reviewed scholarship accessible once again using print-on-demand technology. This title was originally published in 1981.
 

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Contents

Introduction
1
Four National Studies
17
Statutory Supplementer
37
A Mixed Economy
57
The Close Partnership
77
Sociopolitical Contexts
94
Internal Factors
97
Formal Differences between Governmental
101
Patterns of Organizational Behavior
171
New Programs
176
The Value Guardian Role and Volunteerism
193
The Improver Role and Advocacy
212
Types of Advocacy
214
Targets Strategies and Methods of Advocacy
227
The Service Provider Role
233
Dimensions of Sectoral Relationships
237

Governance Systems
113
Range and Size of Agency Boards of Directors
114
Fiscal Resource Systems
128
Percentage of Voluntary Agency Income
133
The Use of Governmental Funds
144
GovernmentalVoluntary Service Patterns
146
Percentage of Voluntary Agency Income from
152
Principal Advantages and Disadvantages of the
164
Conclusions
255
Alternative Futures for Voluntary Organizations
270
Voluntary Agencies Included in the Sample
293
Voluntary Agencies in Israel Included in the Sample
300
Bibliography
305
Index
331
Copyright

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About the author (2021)

Ralph M. Kramer is Professor Emeritus at the School of Social Welfare at the University of California, Berkeley.

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