Rainbow's End: Irish-Americans and the Dilemmas of Urban Machine Politics, 1840-1985
Unprecedented in its scope, Rainbow's End provides a bold new analysis of the emergence, growth, and decline of six classic Irish-American political machines in New York, Jersey City, Chicago, San Francisco, Pittsburgh and Albany. Combining the approaches of political economy and historical sociology, Erie examines a wide range of issues, including the relationship between city and state politics, the manner in which machines shaped ethnic and working-class politics, and the reasons why centralized party organizations failed to emerge in Boston and Philadelphia despite their large Irish populations. The book ends with a thorough discussion of the significance of machine politics for today's urban minorities.
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2 Building the NineteenthCentury Machines 18401896
The Irish Versus the New Immigrants 18961928
The Depression the New Deal and Changing Machine Fortunes 19281950
5 The Last Hurrah? Machines in the Postwar Era 19501985
6 Machine Building IrishAmerican Style
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Albany alliances American benefits big-city Boston building Census century changes Chicago Chicago machine chines city's civil coalition compared consolidated County created Daley Deal demands Democratic Democratic machines Democratic party early economic election electoral emerged employment ethnic example faction federal fiscal forced Government Governor groups Hague housing immigrants increased Irish bosses Irish machines Italians James Jersey City Jews John labor late leaders limited machine politics machine's major Mayor middle class minority mobilization municipal naturalization needed organization particularly party patronage payroll percent Philadelphia Pittsburgh policies political politicians population postwar programs Progress projects public sector rates reform registered relief represented Republican reward San Francisco share social sources Southern and Eastern supply Table Tammany Tammany's theory tion turn union United University urban vote voters ward Washington welfare workers working-class York York City