Pedagogy for Religion: Missionary Education and the Fashioning of Hindus and Muslims in Bengal
Offering a new approach to the study of religion and empire, this innovative book challenges a widespread myth of modernity—that Western rule has had a secularizing effect on the non-West—by looking closely at missionary schools in Bengal. Parna Sengupta examines the period from 1850 to the 1930s and finds that modern education effectively reinforced the place of religion in colonial India. Debates over the mundane aspects of schooling, rather than debates between religious leaders, transformed the everyday definitions of what it meant to be a Christian, Hindu, or Muslim. Speaking to our own time, Sengupta concludes that today’s Qur’an schools are not, as has been argued, throwbacks to a premodern era. She argues instead that Qur’an schools share a pedagogical frame with today’s Christian and Muslim schools, a connection that plays out the long history of this colonial encounter.
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adivasi argued atrap Bairagi women Baptist Missionary Baptist Missionary Society Bengali language Bengali Muslim bhadralok educators Bhudev Mukhopadhyay boarding schools Britain British Calcutta caste Church Church Missionary Society colonial India Committee cultural curriculum CVES David Stow debates Delhi Dhaka educa English European evangelical female funding gender girls headmaster Hinduism Hunter imperial institutions Islam Iswar Chandra Vidyasagar John Murdoch Karim learning literacy London lower-caste maktab meant mission schools Missionary Society modern education Mukhopadhyay Muslim community Muslim educators Muslim leaders Muslim schools National native Christian nineteenth century normal schools object lesson books Oxford University Press pathshala pedagogic Pestalozzi’s political practices primary education primary schools Public Instruction Qur’an schools reading reformers religion religious education religious identity Report on Public rice rural Santhali schoolbooks secular Serampore social Stow’s suggests teacher training teaching texts tion tribal upper-caste Hindu Urdu Vaishnava vernacular education vernacular schools Vidyasagar Wood’s Despatch