The Renaissance of Empire in Early Modern Europe
This book brings together a bold revision of the traditional view of the Renaissance with a new comparative synthesis of global empires in early modern Europe. It examines the rise of a virulent form of Renaissance scholarship, art, and architecture that had as its aim the revival of the cultural and political grandeur of the Roman Empire in Western Europe. Imperial humanism, a distinct form of humanism, emerged in the earliest stages of the Italian Renaissance as figures such as Petrarch, Guarino, and Biondo sought to revive and advance the example of the Caesars and their empire. Originating in the courts of Ferrara, Mantua, and Rome, this movement also revived ancient imperial iconography in painting and sculpture, as well as Vitruvian architecture. While the Italian princes never realized their dream of political power equal to the ancient emperors, the Imperial Renaissance they set in motion reached its full realization in the global empires of sixteenth- and seventeenth-century Spain, France, and Great Britain.
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ancient Caesars ancient Roman architecture artistic Augustus Biondo Bodin Britain Bucer building celebrated Charles CharlesV Christian Church claimed classical colonies Commentaries conquest Constantine Cosimo court cultural d’Este dedicated dominant early modern edition El Escorial equestrian Escorial Europe European example Ferrara Flavio Biondo Florence France Francesco French Giovio Giulio Giulio Romano Gonzaga Guevara Guicciardini Henry historians Holy Roman Emperor Holy Roman Empire humanist Ibid imitate imperial humanism Imperial Renaissance Indians Italian Italy Julius Caesar king king’s Leoni literary Louis XIV major Mantegna Mantua Medici Mexia Milan military monarchs monumental Naples ofhis ofthe Ottoman paintings palace Palazzo Palazzo Te papacy papal Paris Peter’s Petrarch Philip II Philip II’s political pope Portuguese prince reign Republic Republican revival role Roman Empire Rome royal rule ruler sculpture Sepúlveda sixteenth century Spain Spanish Empire statue Tacitus territories theme treatise triumph triumphal University Press victory World