"Enough to Keep Them Alive": Indian Welfare in Canada, 1873-1965
Far from being a measure of progress or humanitarian aid, Indian welfare policy in Canada was used deliberately to oppress and marginalize First Nations peoples and to foster their assimilation into the dominant society. 'Enough to Keep Them Alive' explores the history of the development and administration of social assistance policies on Indian reserves in Canada from confederation to the modern period, demonstrating a continuity of policy with roots in the pre-confederation practices of fur trading companies.
Extensive archival evidence from the Indian Affairs record group at the National Archives of Canada is supplemented for the post-World War Two era by interviews with some of the key federal players. More than just an historical narrative, the book presents a critical analysis with a clear theoretical focus drawing on colonial and post-colonial theory, social theory, and critiques of liberalism and liberal democracy.
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Themes and Issues
The Context of Relief Policy Development at the Time of Confederation
The Development of Rudimentary Relief Administration during the Initial Period of Subjugation 18 731912
Relief Policy and the Consolidation of Subjugation 19131944
Other Influences The Transition to the Period of Citizenship 19181944
Citizenship The General Context of Postwar Indian Welfare Policy
The Influence of the Social Sciences The Secular Understanding of the Other
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'Enough to Keep Them Alive': Indian Social Welfare in Canada, 1873-1965
Hugh E.Q. Shewell
Limited preview - 2004