Economics and Youth Violence: Crime, Disadvantage, and Community

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Richard Rosenfeld, Mark Edberg, Xiangming Fang, Curtis S. Florence
NYU Press, Aug 19, 2013 - Business & Economics - 334 pages
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How do economic conditions such as poverty, unemployment, inflation, and economic growth impact youth violence? Economics and Youth Violence provides a much-needed new perspective on this crucial issue. Pinpointing the economic factors that are most important, the editors and contributors in this volume explore how different kinds of economic issues impact children, adolescents, and their families, schools, and communities. Offering new and important insights regarding the relationship between macroeconomic conditions and youth violence across a variety of times and places, chapters cover such issues as the effect of inflation on youth violence; new quantitative analysis of the connection between race, economic opportunity, and violence; and the cyclical nature of criminal backgrounds and economic disadvantage among families. Highlighting the complexities in the relationship between economic conditions, juvenile offenses, and the community and situational contexts in which their connections are forged, Economics and Youth Violence prompts important questions that will guide future research on the causes and prevention of youth violence. Contributors: Sarah Beth Barnett, Eric P. Baumer, Philippe Bourgois, Shawn Bushway, Philip J. Cook, Robert D. Crutchfield, Linda L. Dahlberg, Mark Edberg, Jeffrey Fagan, Xiangming Fang, Curtis S. Florence, Ekaterina Gorislavsky, Nancy G. Guerra, Karen Heimer, Janet L. Lauritsen, Jennifer L. Matjasko, James A. Mercy, Matthew Phillips, Richard Rosenfeld, Tim Wadsworth, Valerie West, Kevin T. Wolff
 

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Contents

Introduction
1
The Net Effect of the Business Cycle on Crime and Violence
23
Are the Criminogenic Consequences of Economic Downturns
53
Economic Conditions and Violent Victimization Trends
85
The Nonlinear Effect of Neighborhood Disadvantage
121
Neighborhood Economics Schools
152
Neighborhoods
207
Macroeconomic Factors Youth Violence and
255
Conclusions
305
About the Contributors
327
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About the author (2013)

Richard Rosenfeld is Curators Professor of Criminology and Criminal Justice at the University of Missouri - St. Louis. He is past president of the American Society of Criminology and his current research focuses on the impact of the economy and policing on crime.

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