Lamps of the Roman Period, First to Seventh Century After Christ
American School of Classical Studies at Athens, 1961 - Agora (Athens, Greece). - 240 pages
Nearly 3,000 specimens of lamps of Roman character are catalogued in this volume that covers the period from the 1st century B. C. to the 8th century A. D. The lamps are not easy to classify because the appearance of the clay used is not an infallible guide to the place of manufacture and the molds used to create the shapes were used widely around the Mediterranean. Terracotta lamps were probably made for local consumption in most cities of Greece; only a few centers, notably Athens and Corinth, developed an export trade capable of competing with local manufacturers. Since lamps from Athens do appear at other sites, the presentation of a well-dated sample of these finds provides useful reference material for scholars working at other sites.
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1st century 3rd century Agora Air-hole almond-shaped grooves appear Athens N.M. Attic lamps band Base Broneer brown glaze buff clay central closely Corinth Corinthian cross dark dated double early 4th century edge ending Eros fabric filling-hole five flanked four Fragment framing ring front glaze globules grooved and pierced half of 3rd half of 4th handle shield Hard head Herringbone rim Hesperia holes imitation imported incised branch indicated Inst Kerameikos knob lampmakers Late 1st Late 3rd leaf leaves letters Light lower mark Mid-4th century missing moulds narrow nozzle orange clay Orange-buff clay ovolo Panelled pattern petals phot Plain disk preserved quarter raised rays relief rosette rounded Second half shape sides signature signed Similar slightly sloping rim small circles Solid grooved handle vine volutes wall Wavy lines wreath