The Church of the Holy Apostles, Volume 20

Front Cover
ASCSA, 1971 - Architecture - 44 pages
The Church of the Holy Apostles stands at an important crossroads in the southeast corner of the area of the ancient Agora. The earliest church on the site, built over a wall of the 5th-century B.C. Mint and the foundations of the Roman Nymphaeum, is here dated to the last quarter of the 10th century on the basis of its plan and details. The original plan was revealed as a tetraconch cross-in-square with dome on pendentives carried on arches supported by four freestanding columns, the west of the four apses penetrating into the narthex. Fifteen tombs of this first period were excavated under the floor of the church proper and the narthex. In a second period, probably in the late 17th or early 18th century, repairs after damage from the 1687 fighting made changes in the narthex and dome and the interior was covered with paintings. War in 1826 again caused damage which was repaired in Period III with further changes and additions. Finally in 1876-1882 (Period IV) the west end was again rebuilt and the last vestiges of the west apse removed. The architectural type is studied in relation to other churches in Greece, and the restoration is described. The plates give the author's photos of the structure before, during, and after restoration and drawings of elevations, sections, and plans.
 

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Contents

Abbreviations
1
b Original Window Arches in Dome
6
Architectural Type
18
200
19
a b Interior Bracing cd Piers of West Arch after Destruction of Apse e Inner Face of Wall before Restoration
20
Replacing Columns a Southeast Column in Process of Removal b Reinforcing Rods in Place c Cement Bases for New Columns d Half of Mould for S...
21
Reconstruction of Narthex a Centering b Reinforcing Rods c Roof Half Finished d Rebuilding the Facade
22
a Laying the Roof Tiles b Carving the Lunette
23
The Later Periods
32
South Elevation W B Dinsmoor Jr
33
Transverse Section Church Proper W B Dinsmoor Jr
34
Longitudinal Section W B Dinsmoor Jr
35
Transverse Section East End W B Dinsmoor Jr
36
Transverse Section Narthex W B Dinsmoor Jr
37
j Plan Period III J Travlos
38
Floor Plan Period IV J Travlos
39

After Restoration from Southeast
24
After Restoration and Landscaping from Southeast 1959
27
Development of Plan J Travlos
28
Restored Plan Period I W B Dinsmoor Jr
29
East Elevation W B Dinsmoor Jr
30
West Elevation W B Dinsmoor Jr
31
Plan of Roof W B Dinsmoor Jr
40
a Foundations of Northwest Angle Chamber from Southeast
5
a Original Paving in Northwest Angle Chamber from South
10
a Tombs 12 and 13
16
Copyright

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