Neurobiology of Motor Control: Fundamental Concepts and New Directions

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Scott L. Hooper, Ansgar Bï¿1⁄2schges
John Wiley & Sons, Sep 5, 2017 - Medical - 512 pages

A multi-disciplinary look at the current state of knowledge regarding motor control and movement—from molecular biology to robotics

The last two decades have seen a dramatic increase in the number of sophisticated tools and methodologies for exploring motor control and movement. Multi-unit recordings, molecular neurogenetics, computer simulation, and new scientific approaches for studying how muscles and body anatomy transform motor neuron activity into movement have helped revolutionize the field. Neurobiology of Motor Control brings together contributions from an interdisciplinary group of experts to provide a review of the current state of knowledge about the initiation and execution of movement, as well as the latest methods and tools for investigating them.

The book ranges from the findings of basic scientists studying model organisms such as mollusks and Drosophila, to biomedical researchers investigating vertebrate motor production to neuroengineers working to develop robotic and smart prostheses technologies. Following foundational chapters on current molecular biological techniques, neuronal ensemble recording, and computer simulation, it explores a broad range of related topics, including the evolution of motor systems, directed targeted movements, plasticity and learning, and robotics.

  • Explores motor control and movement in a wide variety of organisms, from simple invertebrates to human beings
  • Offers concise summaries of motor control systems across a variety of animals and movement types
  • Explores an array of tools and methodologies, including electrophysiological techniques, neurogenic and molecular techniques, large ensemble recordings, and computational methods
  • Considers unresolved questions and how current scientific advances may be used to solve them going forward

Written specifically to encourage interdisciplinary understanding and collaboration, and offering the most wide-ranging, timely, and comprehensive look at the science of motor control and movement currently available, Neurobiology of Motor Control is a must-read for all who study movement production and the neurobiological basis of movement—from molecular biologists to roboticists.

 

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Contents

Introduction
1
Electrophysiological Recording Techniques
7
MultiUnit Recording
55
Genetic Tools for Accessing
75
Computer SimulationPower and Peril
107
Evolution of Motor Systems
135
Motor Pattern Selection
177
Emphasis on Insects
195
Neural Networks for the Generation of Rhythmic Motor
225
Sensory Feedback in the Control of Posture and Locomotion
263
Coordination of Rhythmic Movements
305
Prehensile Movements
341
Plasticity and Learning in Motor Control Networks
417
Bioinspired Robot Locomotion
443
Index
473
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About the author (2017)

SCOTT L. HOOPER, PhD, is a Professor in the Department of Biological Sciences at Ohio University and Visiting Professor at the University of Cologne.

ANSGAR BÜSCHGES, PhD, is Professor and Head of the Department of Animal Physiology at the University of Cologne. He has served as Dean of the University of Cologne's Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences and is a member of the Executive Committee of the German Neuroscience Society.

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