Brilliant Light in Life and Material Sciences

Front Cover
Vasili Tsakanov, Helmut Wiedemann
Springer Science & Business Media, Sep 18, 2007 - Science - 500 pages
A NATO Advanced Research Workshop on “Brilliant Light Facilities and Research in Life and Material Sciences” was held from July 17 to July 21, 2006. The workshop was hosted by the Center for the Advancement of Natural Discoveries using Light Emission, Yerevan - the newly established institute in Armenia with the aim to create a synchrotron radiation facility, CANDLE, as an international laboratory for advanced research in life and material sciences. About 50 researchers from NATO, partner countries and Armenia gathered at Yerevan to discuss modern trends in developments of advanced light sources with high spectral brilliance and applications in basic and applied research in a wide range of fields. Research with high brilliant photon beams are used, for example for practical applications in pharmacy, electronics and nanotechnology. Such practical relevance promoted the design and construction of now more than 50 such facilities worldwide. Overview and specialized talks on the status and highlights of newly constructed light sources (ALBA, SPEAR3, European XFEL Facility, Siberian Synchrotron Radiation Center, CANDLE), on instrumentation and development of experimental techniques, and frontier research in life and material sciences using synchrotron radiation have been presented. More than 60% of the program was devoted to application of synchrotron radiation in biophysics, biochemistry, biomedicine, material and environmental investigations. The workshop brought together scientists from a wide spectrum of research fields emphasizing the wide application and demand of synchrotron radiation and underlining the necessity of user involvement in the early design stages of a new project.
 

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Contents

SYNCHROTRON LIGHT SOURCES STATUS AND NEW PROJECTS
3
THE EUROPEAN XFEL PROJECT
21
Accelerator Update and Plans
31
STATUS OF THE ALBA PROJECT
44
STATUS AND HIGHLIGHTS OF SIBERIAN SYNCHROTRON AND TERAHERTZ RADIATION CENTER
57
CANDLE SYNCHROTRON LIGHT SOURCE PROJECT
69
CANDLE project impact
81
KHARKOV XRAY GENERATOR NESTOR
89
DYE SENSITIZING AND PROTECTIVE PROPERTIES DURING ELECTROMAGNETIC IRRADIATION OF LIVING SYSTEMS
283
CRYOGLOBULINS IN ACUTE ISCHEMIC STROKE
289
LEVEL AND CHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF CRYOGLOBULINS IN SCHIZOPHRENIA
294
RECENT ADVANCES IN IMAGING WITH SPECTROSCOPIC ANALYSIS AT ELETTRA
301
ADVANCED MATERIALS RESEARCH WITH 3RD GENERATION SYNCHROTRON LIGHT
317
DYNAMICS OF DIMERS AND ADATOMS AT SILICON AND GERMANIUM SURFACES
329
IMPURITY STATES IN QUANTUM WELL WIRES AND QUANTUM DOTS WITH COATING
338
VUV SPECTROSCOPY OF WIDE BANDGAP CRYSTALS
349

XRAY ABSORPTION SPECTROSCOPY IN BIOLOGY AND CHEMISTRY
97
FROM ARTEM ALIKHANYAN TO NOWADAYS
120
RECENT ADVANCES IN AUTOMATION OF AT THE EMBL HAMBURG OUTSTATION XRAY CRYSTALLOGRAPHIC BEAMLINES AT THE ...
133
APPLICATIONS IN PLANT PROTEINS
140
NMR Spectroscopy Applications
153
STRUCTURAL INVESTIGATION OF ORDERING IN BIOPOLYMERS
164
RECONSTRUCTION OF THE ELECTRON TRANSPORT CHAIN OF SECRETORY GRANULE MEMBRANE
175
I From Stokes shift to multiphoton induced fluorescence
185
INFLUENCE OF LOWINTENCITY ELECTROMAGNETIC IRRADIATION ON THE WHEAT SEEDLINGS CHROMATIN FRACTIONS
199
CORRELLATION BETWEEN AQUOES PORE PERMEABILITY AND SURFACE CHARGE OF WHEAT SEEDLINGS NUCLEI
204
THERMODYNAMIC PROFILE OF INTERACTION OF PORPHYRINS WITH NUCLEIC ACIDS
213
SOME ASPECTS OF SYNCHROTRON RADIATION EFFECTS IN RADIOBIOLOGY
219
THE BIOMEDICAL PROGRAMS AT THE ID17 BEAMLINE OF THE EUROPEAN SYNCHROTRON RADIATION FACILITY
224
Focus on Aldose Reductase Enzyme Inhibitors
241
GENETIC EFFECTS OF ELECTROMAGNETIC WAVES
251
SYNCHROTRON FTIR SPECTROSCOPY OF HUMAN BONES THE EFFECT OF AGING
266
MICROFTIR SPECTROSCOPIC STUDIES OF BREAST TISSUES
273
PRIMARY MECHANISM OF EM INTERACTION WITH THE LIVE TISSUES
279
XRAY DIFFRACTION IMAGING OF NANOSCALE PARTICLES
361
XRAY SPECTROSCOPY
371
Instrumentation and Experimental Technique
382
NATURAL ZEOLITES AND APPLICATION IN LIQUID WASTE TREATMENT
395
STUDY OF MEMORY IN SOLIDS STATES UNDER SYNCHROTRON RADIATION EXCITATION
402
HOM DAMPED CAVITIES FOR HIGH BRILLIANCE SYNCHROTRON LIGHT SOURCES
411
REVIEW OF ELECTRON AND PHOTON BEAM DIAGNOSTICS IN ADVANCED LIGHT SOURCES
429
PRODUCTION OF FEMTOSECONDPICOSECOND ELECTRON AND XRAY PULSES IN SYNCHROTRON RADIATION SOURCES
440
BUNCH TIME STRUCTURE DETECTOR WITH PICOSECOND RESOLUTION
455
AUTOCALIBRATING BASED DISPERSOMETER FOR HIGHACCURACY ALIGNMENT SYSTEMS
465
THIN WIRE SECONDARY EMISSION TARGET FOR PICOFEMTO SECOND RF TIMING TECHNIQUE
469
PRELIMINARY TESTS ON LASER BEAMS
474
USE OF MULTIBEAM SCATTERING RADIATION FOR THE ABSOLUTE XRAY ENERGY CALIBRATION
479
Gravitational Wave Detectors how CANDLE can be used
485
RUBY BASED DETECTOR IN UV AND VUV SPECTRAL REGION
490
TWOLAYER ULTRAHIGH DENSITY XRAY OPTICAL MEMORY
495
INDEX
499
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