## Progress in Atomic Spectroscopy, Part 2W. HANLE and H. KLEINPOPPEN In 1919, in the first edition of Atombau and Spektrallinien, Sommerfeld referred to the immense amount of information which had been accumu lated during the first period of 60 years of spectroscopic practice. Sommer feld emphasized that the names of Planck and Bohr would be connected forever with the efforts that had been made to understand the physics and the theory of spectral lines. Another period of almost 60 years has elapsed since the first edition of Sommerfeld's famous monograph. As the editors of this monograph, Progress in Atomic Spectroscopy, we feel that the present period is best characterized by the large variety of new spec troscopic methods that have been invented in the last decades. Spectroscopy has always been involved in the field of research on atomic structure and the interaction of light and atoms. The development of new spectroscopic methods (i.e., new as compared to the traditional optical methods) has led to many outstanding achievements, which, together with the increase of activity over the last decades, appear as a kind of renaissance of atomic spectroscopy. |

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### Contents

xxi | |

713 | |

721 | |

724 | |

727 | |

728 | |

729 | |

Laser Spectroscopy on ShortLived Isotopes | 750 |

Interpretation of Spectra | 1038 |

Atomic Data | 1044 |

Chapter 24 | 1075 |

Normalization Procedures | 1083 |

The Bethe Surface | 1091 |

Conclusion | 1097 |

Chapter 3 | 1102 |

Basic Concepts 1 104 | 1104 |

Chapter 15 | 751 |

Discussion | 760 |

Chapter 13 | 765 |

Spin and Coherence Transfer in Penning Ionization | 769 |

Experimental Conditions for Observing Spin Transfer | 770 |

Chapter 19 | 777 |

Experimental Investigation of Multiphoton Transition Probabilities | 790 |

Survey of Multiphoton Emission Phenomena | 796 |

Resonance Effects | 802 |

HighResolution Multiphoton Spectroscopy | 808 |

DopplerFree Laser Spectroscopy 693 | 810 |

Concluding Remarks | 821 |

FastBeam BeamFoil Spectroscopy | 829 |

Levels and Lifetimes | 859 |

DopplerFree Methods | 889 |

Multipole Expansion of the Density Matrix 86 | 917 |

Chapter 5 | 938 |

TwoElectron Atoms 18 | 950 |

Chapter 21 | 955 |

Experimental Methods | 972 |

Chapter 8 | 994 |

Chapter 22 | 999 |

Time Evolution of Statistical Mixtures 95 | 1004 |

Reorientation Spectroscopy of Stored Ions | 1007 |

Limitations of Stored Ion Spectroscopy | 1017 |

Some Results of Precision Measurements of Stored Ions | 1024 |

Chapter 23 | 1031 |

HartreeFock Theory 23 | 1032 |

Perturbation of Atoms | 1120 |

Applications 46 | 1124 |

Chapter 26 | 1146 |

Lifetime Measurement by Temporal Transients | 1157 |

Chapter 27 | 1187 |

Influence of Electromagnetic Fields 112 | 1194 |

Chapter 28 | 1227 |

Chapter 6 | 1231 |

Collision Effects 141 | 1236 |

Introduction 529 | 1249 |

Background 207 | 1270 |

Autoionization 59 | 1291 |

1133 | 1293 |

Energy and Polarization Transfer | 1299 |

Rubidium 442 | 1306 |

Quantum Electrodynamical Effects in Atomic Spectra | 1321 |

Chapter 30 | 1357 |

Chapter 31 | 1385 |

Chapter 2 | 1412 |

Density Matrix Formalism and Applications in Spectroscopy | 1427 |

Chapter 33 | 1453 |

Chapter 34 | 1485 |

Chapter 10 | 1486 |

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1507 | |

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