Turbulence and Self-Organization: Modeling Astrophysical Objects

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Springer Science & Business Media, Jan 16, 2013 - Science - 657 pages
The book deals with the development of continual models of turbulent natural media. Such models serve as a ground for the statement and numerical evaluation of the key problems of the structure and evolution of the numerous astrophysical and geophysical objects. The processes of ordering (self-organization) in an originally chaotic turbulent medium are addressed and treated in detail with the use of irreversible thermodynamics and stochastic dynamics approaches which underlie the respective models. Different examples of ordering set up in the natural environment and outer space are brought and thoroughly discussed, the main focus being given to the protoplanetary discs formation and evolution.
 

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Contents

Chapter 1 Turbulent Chaos and SelfOrganization in Cosmic Natural Media
1
Chapter 2 Foundations of Mathematical Modeling of Reacting Gas Mixtures
145
Chapter 3 Closed System of Hydrodynamic Equations to Describe Turbulent Motions of Multicomponent Media
189
Chapter 4 Differential Models for the Closure of Turbulently Averaged Hydrodynamic Equations for a Chemically Active Continuous Medium
255
Chapter 5 StochasticThermodynamic Modeling of Developed Structured Turbulence
295
Chapter 6 SelfOrganization of Developed Turbulence and Formation Mechanisms of Coherent Structures
373
Chapter 7 Foundations of Mechanics of Heterogeneous Media for Accretion Disks
424
Chapter 8 Influence of Hydrodynamic Helicity on the Evolution of Turbulence in an Accretion Disk
525
Chapter 9 Thermodynamic Model of MHD Turbulence and Some of Its Applications to Accretion Disks
555
Appendix Elements of Tensor Calculus
607
Conclusion
611
References
613
Index
652
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