Earth System Monitoring: Selected Entries from the Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science and Technology
Springer Science & Business Media, Dec 12, 2012 - Science - 518 pages
Modern Earth System Monitoring represents a fundamental change in the way scientists study the Earth System. In Oceanography, for the past two centuries, ships have provided the platforms for observing. Expeditions on the continents and Earth’s poles are land-based analogues. Fundamental understanding of current systems, climate, natural hazards, and ecosystems has been greatly advanced. While these approaches have been remarkably successful, the need to establish measurements over time can only be made using Earth observations and observatories with exacting standards and continuous data. The 19 peer-reviewed contributions in this volume provide early insights into this emerging view of Earth in both space and time in which change is a critical component of our growing understanding.
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Chapter 3 Aircraft and Space Atmospheric Measurements Using Differential Absorption Lidar DIAL
Chapter 4 Contemporary Sea Level Variations Observations and Causes
Chapter 5 Coral Reef Ecosystems
Chapter 6 Earth System Environmental Literacy
Chapter 7 Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment GRACE Detection of Ice Mass Loss Terrestrial Mass Changes and Ocean Mass Gains
Chapter 8 Heat Content and Temperature of the Ocean
Chapter 12 Ocean Acidification
Chapter 13 Ocean Evaporation and Precipitation
Chapter 14 Ocean Observatories and Information Building a Global Ocean Observing Network
Chapter 15 Oil Spill Remote Sensing
Chapter 16 Remote Sensing Applications to Ocean and Human Health
Chapter 17 Remote Sensing of Natural Disasters
Chapter 18 Remote Sensing of Ocean Color
Chapter 19 Volcanoes Observations and Impact
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Earth System Monitoring: Selected Entries from the Encyclopedia of ...
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absorption aerosols airborne aircraft algorithms Antarctic Antarctica areas atmospheric backscatter basin carbon chlorophyll climate change coastal coccolithophores coral reefs cryosphere decades deep ocean depth detection developed driftsonde dropsondes dynamics Earth earthquakes ecological research ecosystems environmental eruption estimates evaporation flux Geophys Res Lett glaciers global ocean GRACE data gravity heat content ice sheets imagery images impact increase infrared instruments laser lidar LTER LTER Network magma mapping marine mass measurements microwave models MODIS moisture monitoring NASA North Atlantic ocean acidification ocean color ocean observations Oceanogr oil slicks oil spill optical overturning circulation Pacific phytoplankton polar pollution precipitation processes profiles radar RADARSAT-1 range regions Remote Sens Environ remote sensing satellite scales scientists sea ice sea level rise sea surface seawater sensors signal Southern Ocean space species spectral Springer Science+Business Media techniques temperature thermal thickness transport tropical variability volcano warming water vapor wavelength