Earth System Monitoring: Selected Entries from the Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science and Technology

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John Orcutt
Springer Science & Business Media, Dec 12, 2012 - Science - 518 pages
Modern Earth System Monitoring represents a fundamental change in the way scientists study the Earth System. In Oceanography, for the past two centuries, ships have provided the platforms for observing. Expeditions on the continents and Earth’s poles are land-based analogues. Fundamental understanding of current systems, climate, natural hazards, and ecosystems has been greatly advanced. While these approaches have been remarkably successful, the need to establish measurements over time can only be made using Earth observations and observatories with exacting standards and continuous data. The 19 peer-reviewed contributions in this volume provide early insights into this emerging view of Earth in both space and time in which change is a critical component of our growing understanding.
 

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Contents

Chapter 1 Earth System Monitoring Introduction
1
Chapter 2 Airborne and Spaceborne Remote Sensing of Cryosphere
7
Chapter 3 Aircraft and Space Atmospheric Measurements Using Differential Absorption Lidar DIAL
35
Chapter 4 Contemporary Sea Level Variations Observations and Causes
62
Chapter 5 Coral Reef Ecosystems
77
Chapter 6 Earth System Environmental Literacy
107
Chapter 7 Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment GRACE Detection of Ice Mass Loss Terrestrial Mass Changes and Ocean Mass Gains
122
Chapter 8 Heat Content and Temperature of the Ocean
153
Chapter 12 Ocean Acidification
269
Chapter 13 Ocean Evaporation and Precipitation
290
Chapter 14 Ocean Observatories and Information Building a Global Ocean Observing Network
319
Chapter 15 Oil Spill Remote Sensing
337
Chapter 16 Remote Sensing Applications to Ocean and Human Health
389
Chapter 17 Remote Sensing of Natural Disasters
421
Chapter 18 Remote Sensing of Ocean Color
439
Chapter 19 Volcanoes Observations and Impact
473

Chapter 9 Hurricane and Monsoon Tracking with Driftsondes
181
Chapter 10 LargeScale Ocean Circulation Deep Circulation and Meridional Overturning
199
Chapter 11 LongTerm Ecological Research Network
233

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