Soot in Combustion Systems and Its Toxic Properties

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J. Lahaye
Springer Science & Business Media, Apr 17, 2013 - Science - 433 pages
Our interest in Mulhouse for carbon black and soot began some 30 years ago when J.B. Donnet developed the concept of surface chemistry of carbon and its involvement in interactions with gas, liquid and solid phases. In the late sixties, we began to study soot formation in pyrolytic systems and later on in flames. The idea of organ1z1ng a meeting on soot formation originated some four or five years ago, through discussions among Professor J.B. Howard, Dr. A. D'Alessio and ourselves. At that time the scientific community was becoming aware of the necessity to strictly control soot formation and emission. Being involved in the study of surface properties of carbon black as well as of formation of soot, we realized that the combustion community was not always fully aware of the progress made by the physical-chemists on carbon black. Reciprocally, the carbon specialists were often ignoring the research carried out on soot in flames. One objective of this workshop was to stimulate discussions between these two scientific communities. During the preparation of the meeting, and especially during the review process by the Material Science Committee of the Scientific Affairs Division of N.A.T.O. the toxicological aspect emerged as being an important component to be addressed during the workshop. To reflect these preoccupations we invited biologists, physical chemists and engineers, all leaders in their field. The final programme is a compromise of the different aspects of the subject and was divided in five sessions.
 

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Contents

Soot Components as Genetic Hazards
1
The Toxicology of Soot
13
A Comparative Study of Soot and Carbon Black
25
Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons and Soot From
37
Structure of Sooting Flames
57
Chemistry of Intermediate Species in the Rich Combustion
91
Radical Chemistry in Sooting Flames
127
Soot Particle Nucleation and Agglomeration 1145
144
Electrical Intervention in the Sooting of Flames 2L 3
243
Burnout of Soot Particles
259
Aerothermochemistry of Diffusion Flames
273
Soot Formation and Burnout in Turbulent Coal
309
OPTICAL DIAGNOSTICS
327
Laser Light Scattering and Fluorescence
355
The Status of the Art in Soots Diagnosis by Means
379
A Lecture with
395

Kinetic Aspects of Diesel Soot Coagulation
163
Mass Growth of Soot
171
Ionic Mechanisms of Soot Formation
197
Charged Soot Particles in Unseeded and Seeded Flames
217
Synthesis and Recommendations for Future Work l 13
413
INDEX L27
427
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