Environmental Biotechnology for Waste Treatment

Front Cover
Gary S. Sayler, Robert Fox, James Blackburn
Springer Science & Business Media, Nov 11, 2013 - Medical - 298 pages
The use of biotechnical processes in control of environmental pollution and in haz ardous waste treatment is viewed as an advantageous alternative or adduct to phys ical chemical treatment technologies. Yet, the development and implementation of both conventional and advanced biotechnologies in predictable and efficacious field applications suffer from numerous technical, regulatory, and societal uncertainties. With the application of modern molecular biology and genetic engineering, there is clear potential for biotechnical developments that will lead to breakthroughs in controlled and optimized hazardous waste treatment for in situ and unit process use. There is, however, great concern that the development of these technologies may be needlessly hindered in their applications and that the fundamental research base may not be able to sustain continued technology development. Some of these issues have been discussed in a fragmented fashion within the research and development community. A basic research agenda has been established to promote a sustainable cross-disciplinary technology base. This agenda includes developing new and improved strains for biodegradation, improving bioanalytical methods to measure strain and biodegradation performance, and providing an in tegrated environmental and reactor systems analysis approach for process control and optimization.
 

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Contents

CURRENT PERCEPTIONS
1
What Does
15
Considerations in the Selection of Environmental Biotechnology
37
Removing Impediments to the Use of Bioremediation and Other
53
FIELDSCALE CASE STUDIES
71
Evaluation Process for the Selection of Bioremediation Technologies
85
FullScale Bioremediation of Contaminated Soil and Water
91
TECHNICAL ISSUES AND CONCERNS IN IMPLEMENTATION
110
Practices Potential and Pitfalls in the Application of Biotechnology
147
What is the Km of Disappearase? 159
158
Biodegradation of Mixed Solvents by a Strain of Pseudomonas
175
NONTECHNICAL ISSUES AND CONCERNS
185
Does Good Science or Good Press
191
What Are the Critical Issues Necessary to Win the Confidence
211
INTERNATIONAL ACTIVITIES
233
The Pilot Plant Testing of the Continuous Extraction
249

Integration of Biotechnology to Waste Minimization Programs
127
Bioremediation of Explosives Contaminated Soils Scientific
137
SUMMARY
270
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