Modern Gas-Based Temperature and Pressure Measurements

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Springer Science & Business Media, Jun 29, 2013 - Science - 514 pages
Since the beginning of the preparation of this volume, we have been convinced that temperature and pressure measurements should not be separated, particularly in different applications at low temperatures. This belief has made us deeply conscious of the fact that the advanced applications and modern experimental methods of investigation in science and technology need the combination of various professional experiences and approaches. Although the book is divided into two parts (Part I by F. Pavese and Part II by G. F. Molinar), we have tried to correlate low-temperature and low-pressure measurements as much as possible. We hope that our readers will find this book, which contains a large number of experimental and reference data, useful in their effort to solve measurement problems. We are pleased to acknowledge our debt to several persons and wish to express our gratitude to them for their valuable cooperation and help: to our research group colleagues at the Istituto di Metrologia "G. Colonnetti" -IMGC (CNR), without whom the knowledge and the experience we built up during many years could not have been acquired; to G. T. McConville, M. Durieux, and K. Grohmann for revisions of and various suggestions for Part I; to V. E. Bean and C. R. Tilford of NIST and G. T. McConville for revisions of and various suggestions for Part II; and to I. Prinetti of IMGC for many valuable suggestions and careful textual revisions.
 

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Contents

Introduction
4
GasBased Reference Points for Thermometry
37
Gas Thermometry between 0 5 K and 273 16 K
103
Gas Thermometry in the ITS90 and Future Development
161
VaporPressure Thermometry
179
Thermometry Based on the Melting Line of He
219
Cryostats for Thermometry and GasBased
227
References to Part I
245
Pressure Transducers for Gaseous Media
357
GasBased Pressure Fixed Points
401
The Thermomolecular Pressure Difference Effect
415
References to Part II
431
Further Readings
441
Appendix B List of Temperature and Pressure Fixed Points
457
Vapor Pressures
481
Appendix E Reference Data for LiquidColumn Manometers
489

Further Readings
261
Introduction
265
Primary Standards for Pressure Measurements
273
Appendix F Reference Data for Piston Gauges
495
Index
503
Copyright

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