Fighting for Credibility: US Reputation and International Politics

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University of Toronto Press, Jan 1, 2016 - Aussenpolitik - 300 pages

When Bashar al-Assad used chemical weapons against his own people in Syria, he clearly crossed President Barack Obama's "red line." At the time, many argued that the president had to bomb in order to protect America's reputation for toughness, and therefore its credibility, abroad; others countered that concerns regarding reputation were overblown, and that reputations are irrelevant for coercive diplomacy.

Whether international reputations matter is the question at the heart of Fighting for Credibility. For skeptics, past actions and reputations have no bearing on an adversary's assessment of credibility; power and interests alone determine whether a threat is believed. Using a nuanced and sophisticated theory of rational deterrence, Frank P. Harvey and John Mitton argue the opposite: ignoring reputations sidesteps important factors about how adversaries perceive threats. Focusing on cases of asymmetric US encounters with smaller powers since the end of the Cold War including Bosnia, Kosovo, Iraq, and Syria, Harvey and Mitton reveal that reputations matter for credibility in international politics. This dynamic and deeply documented study successfully brings reputation back to the table of foreign diplomacy.

 

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Contents

Introduction
3
1 Reputations Research and Premature Closure of Inquiry
30
Rational Deterrence Theory and Credibility Reconsidered
71
3 US Reputation Building in Deterrence Encounters 19912003
105
Explaining Deterrence Failures and Successes in Syria 201113
149
5 RDT Domestic Politics and Audience Costs
181
Reconsidering Syrias Relevance to Iran North Korea and Beyond
191
Alternative Explanations and Competing Policy Recommendations
212
8 Expanding TheoryPolicy Gaps in International Relations
232
References
265
Index
293
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About the author (2016)

Frank P. Harvey is Professor of Political Science and Director, Center for Foreign Policy Studies, Dalhousie University.

John Mitton is a PhD candidate in the Department of Political Science at Dalhousie University and a Fulbright Visiting Researcher at the University of Southern California.

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