Sleeping Giant Awakens: Genocide, Indian Residential Schools, and the Challenge of Conciliation

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University of Toronto Press, May 31, 2019 - Canada - 256 pages

Confronting the truths of Canada's Indian residential school system has been likened to waking a sleeping giant. In The Sleeping Giant Awakens, David B. MacDonald uses genocide as an analytical tool to better understand Canada's past and present relationships between settlers and Indigenous peoples. Starting with a discussion of how genocide is defined in domestic and international law, the book applies the concept to the forced transfer of Indigenous children to residential schools and the "Sixties Scoop," in which Indigenous children were taken from their communities and placed in foster homes or adopted.

Based on archival research, extensive interviews with residential school Survivors, and officials at the Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada, among others, The Sleeping Giant Awakens offers a unique and timely perspective on the prospects for conciliation after genocide, exploring the difficulties in moving forward in a context where many settlers know little of the residential schools and ongoing legacies of colonization and need to have a better conception of Indigenous rights. It provides a detailed analysis of how the TRC approached genocide in its deliberations and in its Final Report.

Crucially, MacDonald engages critics who argue that the term genocide impedes understanding of the IRS system and imperils prospects for conciliation. By contrast, this book sees genocide recognition as an important basis for meaningful discussions of how to engage Indigenous-settler relations in respectful and proactive ways.

 

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Contents

The Sleeping Giant Awakens
3
Raphael Lemkin the UN Genocide Convention and International Law
24
2 Pluralists Indigenous Peoples and Colonial Genocide
44
3 Forcible Transfer as Genocide in the Indian Residential Schools
61
4 The Sixties and Seventies Scoop and the Genocide Convention
91
5 The Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada and the Question of Genocide
106
6 The TRC and Indigenous Deaths inside and outside the Residential Schools
133
Discussing Some Counterarguments
146
Challenges of Recognition and Remembering
163
9 Conciliation and Moves to Responsibility
182
Notes
201
Index
235
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About the author (2019)

David B. MacDonald is a professor in the Department of Political Science at the University of Guelph and Research Leadership Chair for the College of Social and Applied Human Sciences

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