Solemn Words and Foundational Documents: An Annotated Discussion of Indigenous-Crown Treaties in Canada, 1752-1923

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University of Toronto Press, 2018 - History - 280 pages

In Solemn Words and Foundational Documents, Jean-Pierre Morin unpacks the complicated history of Indigenous treaties in Canada. By including the full text of eight significant treaties from across the country--each accompanied by a cast of characters, related sources, discussion questions, and an essay by the author--he teaches readers how to analyze and understand treaties as living documents.

The book begins by examining treaties concluded during the height of colonial competition, when France and Britain each sought to solidify their alliances with Indigenous peoples. It then goes on to tell the stories of treaty negotiations from across the country: the miscommunication of ideas and words from Crown representatives to treaty text; the varying ranges of rights and promises; treaty negotiations for which we have a rich oral history but limited written records; multiple phases of post-Confederation treaty-making; and the unique case of competing treaties with radically different interpretations.


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Reading a Treaty
The Making of the Peace and Friendship Treaties 17251779
The Making of the HuronBritish Treaty of 1760
Upper Canada Land Surrenders Rice Lake Treaty of 1818
The Making of the RobinsonHuron Treaty 1850
The Making of the Vancouver Island Treaties Saanich Treaties 1852
The Early Numbered Treaties Treaty no 6 1876
The Northern Numbered Treaties Treaty no 8 1899
The Making of the Williams Treaties 1923

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About the author (2018)

Jean-Pierre Morin is Adjunct Research Professor in the Department of History at Carleton University.

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