The Original Guitar Hero and the Power of Music: The Legendary Lonnie Johnson, Music, and Civil Rights

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University of North Texas Press, Apr 15, 2014 - Biography & Autobiography - 384 pages
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col width="94" Lonnie Johnson (1894–1970) was a virtuoso guitarist who influenced generations of musicians from Django Reinhardt to Eric Clapton to Bill Wyman and especially B. B. King. Born in New Orleans, he began playing violin and guitar in his father’s band at an early age. When most of his family was wiped out by the 1918 flu epidemic, he and his surviving brother moved to St. Louis, where he won a blues contest that included a recording contract.  His career was launched.  Johnson can be heard on many Duke Ellington and Louis Armstrong records, including the latter’s famous “Savoy Blues” with the Hot Five. He is perhaps best known for his 12-string guitar solos and his ground-breaking recordings with the white guitarist Eddie Lang in the late 1920s. After World War II he began playing rhythm and blues and continued to record and tour until his death.  This is the first full-length work on Johnson. Dean Alger answers many biographical mysteries, including how many members of Johnson’s large family were left after the epidemic. It also places Johnson and his musical contemporaries in the context of American race relations and argues for the importance of music in the fight for civil rights. Finally, Alger analyzes Johnson’s major recordings in terms of technique and style. Distribution of an accompanying music CD will be coordinated with the release of this book.

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1 The Legendary Lonnie JohnsonOne of the Most Important Musicians of the 20th Century Musicians and Progress on Civil Rights
2 New Orleans Music
3 St Louis Blues
4 Playing with the Strings Part 1
5 Playing with the Strings Part 2
6 Workin Man Chicago Blues
7 Rhythm Blues
Comeback Again
Lyrics to Alger tribute song The Legendary Lonnie J
Blues Jazz and Their Significance Musicians and Civil Rights and Algers review of Sidney Bechets instrumental recording of Strange Fruit
Guide to Recordings by Lonnie Johnson and Relevant Others
Subject Index
Song Index

The Guitar in 20th Century Music

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About the author (2014)


col width="94" Dean Alger's writings and presentations on blues and jazz for the new Grove Dictionary of American Music and others have been widely praised. Also a public affairs consultant, he is the author of five acclaimed books on democracy, elections, and media. He lives in St. Paul where he is a singer, guitarist, and songwriter.

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