Five Decades of Research in Nuclear Science
What began as a journey into a largely unexplored region of the periodic table-rightly predicted to be a rich and fertile source of new chemical and nuclear information-quickly developed into a race for the discovery of new elements. A summary of more than forty years of work in the field, Five Decades of Research in Nuclear Science delves into the results of several projects in which John R. Huizenga played a key role. Huizenga's career began on the Manhattan Project and continued at the Argonne National Laboratory (ANL), where in 1949, he and his colleagues initiated a major program to produce transplutonium nuclei by multiple neutron capture in reactors. Following the first thermonuclear explosion in 1952, Huizenga participated in the discovery of the elements einsteinium and fermium found in its debris. At ANL, he studied extensively the nuclear properties and systematics of actinide nuclei. In 1967, Huizenga moved to the University of Rochester, where he investigated the excited states of actinide nuclei by reaction spectroscopy and the decay modes of actinide muonic atoms. He also made detailed studies of the energy dissipation, nucleon transfer, and microscopic time-scale associated with a new heavy-ion reaction process known as "strongly damped collisions." John R. Huizenga is Tracy H. Harris Professor Emeritus of Chemistry and Physics at the University of Rochester.
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Fulbright Year 19541955
First Guggenheim Year 19641965
University of Rochester Years 19671973
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actinide actinide nuclei alpha alpha-particle angle angular momentum anisotropy approximately Argonne atomic number Bohr bombarding energy calculated californium cold fusion Committee compound nucleus correlation curium damped collisions damped reactions decay deformed detector deuterons element 99 energy loss even-even excitation energy excitation functions experimental experiments fission cross section fission fragment angular fragment angular distributions gamma rays half-life heavy ion heavy-ion collisions heavy-ion reactions interaction irradiation isotopes J. R. Birkelund J. R. Huizenga K. L. Wolf kinetic energy lectures mass number measured meteorites muon muon capture National Laboratory neutron capture neutron emission Nilsson Nucl nuclear fission nuclear level density nuclear reactions Nuclear Science nuclei nucleon nuclides parameter Paris particles Physics plotted plutonium projectile proton ratio reac reaction cross sections sample shown in figure spectra spin spontaneous fission target theoretical tion University of Rochester values W. U. Schroder W. W. Wilcke width