Hizmet: Questions and Answers on the Hizmet Movement
“Hizmet”—or the Gülen Movement referring to name of the renowned Turkish scholar Fethullah Gülen—originated in 1970s’ Turkey as a faith-inspired initiative to improve educational opportunities for a local community; since then, it has grown into a transnational educational, inter-cultural and interfaith movement. This book is intended to summarize and represent the conclusions of much of the academic work on Hizmet in a manner more easily accessible to the lay person or non-specialist.
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achieve activities actor affiliations altruistic action altruistic community altruistic services authority change civic civil society collective action commitment community conflict consensus contribute cooperation countermobilization coup cultural decision democracy democratic development dialogue different Edirne education efforts encourage established ethic faith faithinspired February 28 Fethullah Gülen form formal global goals groups Gülen Movement Güleninspired Hizmet human ideas ideological initiatives institutionalized institutions integration interaction intercultural interests interfaith Islam Islamist issues Izmir JWF platforms laicism leaders leadership mass media means media mobilization modern moral motivated Movement participants Muslims needs networks non norms number one’s organization organizational outcomes peaceful people’s personal political party political system positive potential power process professional projects protectionist elite provide public space Qur’an relations relationships religion religious resources responsibility role schools sect secular seek self selfinterest service servicenetworks serviceprojects shortterm SMOs social movement solidarity spiritual Sufi Sufism support take tariqa transformation transnational Turkey Turkey’s Turkish society values voluntary wider society world worldview