Leonid Isaakovich Mandelstam: Research, Teaching, Life

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Springer Science & Business Media, Oct 5, 2013 - Science - 241 pages
This biography of the famous Soviet physicist Leonid Isaakovich Mandelstam (1889-1944), who became a Professor at Moscow State University in 1925, describes his contributions to both physics and technology, as well as discussing the scientific community which formed around him, usually called the Mandelstam school. Mandelstam’s life story is thereby placed in its proper cultural context. The following more general issues are taken under consideration: the impact of German scientific culture on Russian science; the problems and fates of Russian intellectuals during the revolutionary and post-revolutionary years; the formation of the Soviet Academy of Sciences; and transformation of the system of higher education in the USSR during the 1920's and 1930's.The author shows that Mandelstam’s fundamental writings and his lectures notes allow to reconstruct his philosophy of science and his approach to the social and ethical functions of science and science education. That reconstruction is enhanced through extensive use of hitherto unpublished archival material as well as the transcripts of personal interviews conducted by the author.
 

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Contents

Introduction
1
Youth and Strasbourg Years
9
The Strasbourg Period RadioEngineering
31
The Strasbourg Period Optics
55
The Years of Pilgrimage 19141925
75
Moscow State University 19251935
89
Research in Optics Odessa Moscow
111
The Scientific School of Mandelstam The Early Steps and Results
123
Moscow State University and the Academy of Sciences
167
Borovoie and the Last Year in Moscow
179
Mandelstams Operationalism
187
LI Mandelstams Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics in the Context of the Discussions of the 19301940s
203
Conclusion
217
References
221
Index
237
About the Author
241

The Mandelstam School Theory of Nonlinear Oscillations
135
A Continuation The MandelstamAndronov School
151

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