Dispersion Stability, Microstructure and Phase Transition of Anisotropic Nanodiscs

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Springer, Jun 3, 2014 - Science - 154 pages
This thesis explores the dispersion stability, microstructure and phase transitions involved in the nanoclay system. It describes the recently discovered formation of colloidal gels via two routes: the first is through phase separation and second is by equilibrium gelation and includes the first reported experimental observation of a system with high aspect ratio nanodiscs. The phase behavior of anisotropic nanodiscs of different aspect ratio in their individual and mixed states in aqueous and hydrophobic media is investigated. Distinct phase separation, equilibrium fluid and equilibrium gel phases are observed in nanoclay dispersions with extensive aging. The work then explores solution behavior, gelation kinetics, aging dynamics and temperature-induced ordering in the individual and mixed states of these discotic colloids. Anisotropic ordering dynamics induced by a water-air interface, waiting time and temperature in these dispersions were studied in great detail along with aggregation behavior of nanoplatelets in hydrophobic environment of alcohol solutions.
 

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Excellent ! This thesis explores the dispersion stability, microstructure and phase transitions involved in the nanoclay system. It describes the recently discovered formation of colloidal gels via two routes: the first is through phase separation and second is by equilibrium gelation and includes the first reported experimental observation of a system with high aspect ratio nanodiscs. The phase behavior of anisotropic nanodiscs of different aspect ratio in their individual and mixed states in aqueous and hydrophobic media is investigated. Distinct phase separation, equilibrium fluid and equilibrium gel phases are observed in nanoclay dispersions with extensive aging. The work then explores solution behavior, gelation kinetics, aging dynamics and temperature-induced ordering in the individual and mixed states of these discotic colloids. Anisotropic ordering dynamics induced by a water-air interface, waiting time and temperature in these dispersions were studied in great detail along with aggregation behavior of nanoplatelets in hydrophobic environment of alcohol solutions. 

Contents

1 Introduction
1
2 Materials and Characterization Techniques
17
3 Phase Diagram of Aging Laponite Dispersions
37
4 Anisotropic Ordering in Nanoclay Dispersions Induced by WaterAir Interface
53
5 Phase Diagram of Aging Montmorillonite Dispersions
66
6 Sol State Behavior and Gelation Kinetics in Mixed Nanoclay Dispersions
83
7 Aging Dynamics in Mixed Nanoclay Dispersions
103
8 Thermal Ordering in Mixed Nanoclay Dispersions
118
9 Aggregation and Scaling Behavior of Nanoclays in Alcohol Solutions
131
10 Summary
140
Appendix
147
Curriculum Vitae
150
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