Rheophysics: Matter in all its States

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Springer, Jun 17, 2014 - Science - 321 pages

This book presents a unified view of the physicochemical origin of the mechanical behaviour of gases, simple solids and liquids, suspensions, polymers, emulsions, foams, and granular materials, along with techniques for measuring that behaviour. Besides molecular materials in all their classical gaseous, solid, or liquid states, we deal daily with a number of other materials made of coarser elements such as polymers, cells, grains, bubbles, and droplets. They take on the familiar appearance of paints, inks, cements, muds, foams, emulsions, toothpastes, gels, etc. These materials exhibit complex structures and sometimes amazing types of mechanical behaviour, often intermediate between those of a simple liquid and a simple solid. From a practical standpoint, the aim is to analyze their internal evolution (aging, restructuring, phase separation, etc.), then to formulate these materials in accordance with the desired properties, and thereby devise new materials. With that aim in mind, it is crucial to understand how these materials deform or flow, depending on the interactions and structures formed by the elements they contain. This book is intended for students as well as more advanced researchers in mechanics, physics, chemistry, and biology. The mathematical formalism is reduced in order to focus on physical explanations.


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1 Introduction
2 Simple Materials
3 Suspensions
4 Polymers
5 Colloids
6 Emulsions and Foams
7 Granular Materials
8 Rheometry
Physical Principles
Appendix B Elements of Thermodynamics

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About the author (2014)

Philippe Coussot is a researcher at the Laboratoire Navier and Director of the Education and Research Chair for the Saint-Gobain-Ecole des Ponts ParisTech. His studies concern the physical and mechanical properties of pasty or granular materials. He has already four books to his name and boasts an impressive list of honours, including the Maurice Couette Award of the French Society of Rheology (2009), the 2007 Award of the French magazine La Recherche (2007), the Schoemaker Award of the International Association of Hydraulic Research (1996).