Development of Coherent Detector Technologies for Sub-Millimetre Wave Astronomy Observations

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Springer, Sep 15, 2015 - Science - 219 pages
The thesis describes the development of receiver technologies for sub-millimetre astronomy instruments, focusing on high performance coherent cryogenic detectors operating close to the superconductor gap frequency. The mixer chip which comprises the SIS devices, fed by a unilateral finline and matching planar circuits was fabricated on 15 micron silicon substrate using the recently developed Silicon-On-Insulator (SOI) technology. This offered broadband IF and RF performance, with fully integrated on-chip planar circuits resulting in an easily reproducible mixer chip and a simple mixer block. An important consequence of this design is that it can be extended to the supra-THz region and making the fabrication of multi-pixel heterodyne arrays feasible. The extension of the operation of major telescopes such as ALMA, APEX and the GLT from single pixel to large format arrays is the subject of extensive research at present time since it will allow fast mapping combined with high resolution of the submillimetre sky. The technology described in this thesis makes a major contribution to this effort.
 

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Contents

1 Introduction
1
2 Multiple FlareAngle SmoothWalled Horn
15
3 SIS Mixer Theory
37
4 Design of Unilateral Finline SIS Mixer
57
5 SingleEnded Mixer Tests
76
6 SingleChip Integrated Balanced SIS Mixer
97
7 Design of 700 GHz Single Sideband SIS Mixers
125
8 The Characteristics of an SIS Junction Near Its Superconducting Gap
137
10 CO3rightarrow2 Observations of NGC 2976 and NGC 3351
157
11 Concluding Remarks
185
Appendix A Ancillary Data of Individual Tested Device
189
Appendix B Ancillary Data of Individual Tested BalancedDevice
196
Appendix C List of All Beam Patterns Measured Up to Date
201
Appendix D 230GHz Scalable Design
205
Index
211
Copyright

9 Generation of Local Oscillator Signal via Photomixing
147

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About the author (2015)

After completing the Bachelor degree in Electrical and Electronic Engineering in 2001, Boon Kok Tan was offered a postgraduate position in Solar Engineering, and was awarded the Master degree in 2002. Following a lecturing career at Tunku Abdul Rahman University in Kuala Lumpur, he was offered a D. Phil position – funded by the prestigious King of Malaysia awards – at Oxford Astrophysics to work on the development of quantum limited coherent detectors for submillimetre astronomy. B. K. Tan obtained the D. Phil degree at Oxford in 2012. He is currently a member the Millimetre Detectors group of Oxford Astrophysics, leading the development of coherent THz detectors for the Atacama Large Millimetre Array (ALMA) and collaborates also with the Wawasan Open University, Malaysia.
Dr. Tan was awarded the 2014 MERAC Prize by the European Astronomical Society for the Best Doctoral Thesis in the category "Technologies".

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