Liquid Crystals in Biotribology: Synovial Joint Treatment

Front Cover
This book summarizes the theoretical and experimental studies confirming the concept of the liquid-crystalline nature of boundary lubrication in synovial joints. It is shown that cholesteric liquid crystals in the synovial liquid play a significant role in the mechanism of intra-articular friction reduction. The results of structural, rheological and tribological research of the creation of artificial synovial liquids containing cholesteric liquid crystals in natural synovial liquids are described. These liquid crystals reproduce the lubrication properties of natural synovia and provide a high chondroprotective efficiency. They were tested in osteoarthritis models and in clinical practice.
 

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Contents

1 Biomechanics of Joint Synovia
1
2 Brief Review of Liquid Crystals
37
3 Modern Concepts of Friction and Lubrication of Solids
57
4 Modern Concepts of Friction Wear and Lubrication of Joints
98
5 Effect of Liquid Crystals on Biological Mechanisms of Reducing Joint Friction
123
6 Liquid Crystals as Effective Drugs for Treatment of Articular Disorders and Similar Pathologies
167
Conclusions
204
Index
208
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