Introduction to the Basic Concepts of Modern Physics: Special Relativity, Quantum and Statistical Physics
This is the third edition of a well-received textbook on modern physics theory. This book provides an elementary but rigorous and self-contained presentation of the simplest theoretical framework that will meet the needs of undergraduate students. In addition, a number of examples of relevant applications and an appropriate list of solved problems are provided.Apart from a substantial extension of the proposed problems, the new edition provides more detailed discussion on Lorentz transformations and their group properties, a deeper treatment of quantum mechanics in a central potential, and a closer comparison of statistical mechanics in classical and in quantum physics.
The first part of the book is devoted to special relativity, with a particular focus on space-time relativity and relativistic kinematics. The second part deals with Schrödinger's formulation of quantum mechanics. The presentation concerns mainly one-dimensional problems, but some three-dimensional examples are discussed in detail. The third part addresses the application of Gibbs’ statistical methods to quantum systems and in particular to Bose and Fermi gases.
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angular momentum Answer atomic average axis barrier beam Bohr’s bound center of mass central potential chemical potential classical coefficient components compute conservation constant constraint coordinates corresponding covariant defined derivative distribution Einstein’s electromagnetic electron energy levels equal fermions four-momentum four-vector free particle frequency Gibbs given harmonic oscillator hence identified inertial frame integral invariant mass kinetic energy linear Lorentz transformations Maxwell equations molecules motion moving Notice number of particles obtain occupation numbers parameters particle of mass particular partition function phase photon physical plane possible probability density Problem quantity quantization quantum reference frame reflection relation relativistic respect result rotations Schrödinger equation single particle solutions spaceship specific heat temperature thermal equilibrium thermodynamic total energy total number vanishes vector velocity wave function wavelength world line