A Student's Guide Through the Great Physics Texts: Volume IV: Heat, Atoms and Quanta

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Springer, Dec 17, 2015 - Science - 463 pages
This book provides a chronological introduction to modern atomic theory, which represented an attempt to reconcile the ancient doctrine of atomism with careful experiments—performed during the 19th century—on the flow of heat through substances and across empty space. Included herein are selections from classic texts such as Carnot’s Reflection on the Motive Power of Fire, Clausius’ Mechanical Theory of Heat, Rutherford’s Nuclear Constitution of Atoms, Planck’s Atomic Theory of Matter and Heisenberg’s Copenhagen Interpretation of Quantum Theory. Each chapter begins with a short introduction followed by a reading selection. Carefully crafted study questions draw out key points in the text and focus the reader’s attention on the author’s methods, analysis and conclusions. Numerical and laboratory exercises at the end of each chapter test the reader’s ability to understand and apply key concepts from the text. Heat, Radiation and Quanta is the last of four volumes in A Student’s Guide through the Great Physics Texts. The book comes from a four-semester undergraduate physics curriculum designed to encourage a critical and circumspect approach to natural science while at the same time preparing students for advanced coursework in physics. This book is particularly suitable as a college-level textbook for students of the natural sciences, history or philosophy. It might also serve as a textbook for advanced high-school or home-schooled students, or as a thematically-organized source-book for scholars and motivated lay-readers. In studying the classic scientific texts included herein, the reader will be drawn toward a lifetime of contemplation.
 

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Contents

Chapter 1 A New Science of Heat
1
Chapter 2 Mathematics and Temperature
15
Chapter 3 Steam Engines and Heat Flow
28
Chapter 4 Carnots Cycle
45
Chapter 5 Engines as Thermometers
55
Chapter 6 The Second Law of Thermodynamics
69
Chapter 7 Work Heat and Irreversibility
81
Concepts and Conventions
92
Chapter 19 Radioactivity
263
Chapter 20 Atomic Fission
278
Chapter 21 Nuclear Structure
295
Chapter 22 The Discovery of the Neutron
309
Chapter 23 Neutron Scattering
321
Chapter 24 XRay Diffraction
331
Chapter 25 Compton Scattering
344
Chapter 26 Electron Scattering and Diffraction
355

Chapter 9 Energy and Entropy
99
Chapter 10 The Kinetic Theory of Gases
113
Chapter 11 Molecules and Maxwells Demon
127
Chapter 12 The Diffusion Equation
143
Chapter 13 Radiant Heat
163
Chapter 14 From Positivism to Objectivity
180
Chapter 15 Entropy Probability and Atomism
197
Chapter 16 Corpuscles of Light
213
Chapter 17 The Discovery of the Electron
231
Chapter 18 The Birth of Nuclear Physics
247
Chapter 27 Matter Waves
365
Chapter 28 Bohrs Atomic Model
376
Chapter 29 Atomic Spectra and Quantum Numbers
393
Chapter 30 The Periodic Table of the Elements
408
Chapter 31 Wave Mechanics
423
Chapter 32 The Quantum Paradox
443
Bibliography
457
Index
459
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About the author (2015)

Dr. Kerry K. Kuehn is Professor in the Department of Physics at Wisconsin Lutheran College. He is a member of the American Physical Society and is also an Advisory Council member for NASA Wisconsin Space Grant Consortium and Fidelitas (WLC Honors Program).

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