Archaeoastronomy: Introduction to the Science of Stars and Stones
This book provides the first complete, easy to read, up-to-date account of the fascinating discipline of archaeoastronomy, in which the relationship between ancient constructions and the sky is studied in order to gain a better understanding of the ideas of the architects of the past and of their religious and symbolic worlds. The book is divided into three sections, the first of which explores the past relations between astronomy and people, power, the afterworld, architecture, and landscape. The fundamentals of archaeoastronomy are then addressed in detail, with coverage of the celestial coordinates; the apparent motion of the Sun, Moon, stars, and planets; observation of celestial bodies at the horizon; the use of astronomical software in archaeoastronomy; and current methods for making and analyzing measurements. The final section reviews what archaeoastronomy can now tell us about the nature and purpose of such sites and structures as Stonehenge, the Pyramids of Giza, Chichen Itza, the Campus Martius, and the Valley of the Temples of Agrigento. In addition, a set of exercises is provided that can be performed using non-commercial free software, e.g., Google Earth or Stellarium, and will equip readers to conduct their own research. Readers will find the book an ideal introduction to what has become a wide-ranging multidisciplinary science.
What people are saying - Write a review
We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.
Part III Places
7 Megalithic Cultures of the Mediterranean
8 Ancient Egypt
9 Precolumbian Cultures
10 The Classical World
Akhet alignments altitude ancient archaeoastronomy archaeological astronomical Augustus Aveni axis azimuth Belmonte builders building calendar called Capricorn Castillo celestial celestial pole cenote centre centuries chamber Chichen Itza complex connected constellations construction corresponding cosmic landscape cosmos course cultural Cusco cycle declination Dolmen Earth eclipses Egypt Egyptian equinoxes example fact Giza Gobekli heliacal rising hierophany horizon huge human idea identified important Inca instance Khufu Knowth Lascaux latitude located lunar lunar standstills Maeshowe Magli Maya Mayapan measure megalithic Menkaura Mesoamerica monumental architecture Moon natural Neolithic Newgrange observer orientation Palaeolithic Pantheon particular Pharaoh planet pole precession precise probably pyramid Ramesses II reasons replicated rising sun Roman Ruggles sacred Sect seen shafts shaman so-called solar spectacular standstills stars stone Stonehenge structures summer solstice sun rising Sun’s Switzerland 2016 G symbolic Taulas Teotihuacan tomb town tropical Venus visible winter solstice zenith passages