The Physics of Semiconductors: An Introduction Including Nanophysics and Applications

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Springer, Dec 24, 2015 - Technology & Engineering - 989 pages
The 3rd edition of this successful textbook contains ample material for a comprehensive upper-level undergraduate or beginning graduate course, guiding readers to the point where they can choose a special topic and begin supervised research. The textbook provides a balance between essential aspects of solid-state and semiconductor physics, on the one hand, and the principles of various semiconductor devices and their applications in electronic and photonic devices, on the other. It highlights many practical aspects of semiconductors such as alloys, strain, heterostructures, nanostructures, that are necessary in modern semiconductor research but typically omitted in textbooks. Coverage also includes additional advanced topics, such as Bragg mirrors, resonators, polarized and magnetic semiconductors, nanowires, quantum dots, multi-junction solar cells, thin film transistors, carbon-based nanostructures and transparent conductive oxides. The text derives explicit formulas for many results to support better understanding of the topics. The Physics of Semiconductors requires little or no prior knowledge of solid-state physics and evolved from a highly regarded two-semester course. In the third edition several topics are extended and treated in more depth including surfaces, disordered materials, amorphous semiconductors, polarons, thermopower and noise. More than 1800 references guide the reader to historic and current literature including original and review papers and books.
 

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Contents

1 Introduction
1
Part I Fundamentals
22
2 Bonds
25
3 Crystals
40
4 Defects
81
5 Mechanical Properties
111
6 Band Structure
153
7 Electronic Defect States
203
19 Dielectric Structures
544
20 Transparent Conductive Oxide Semiconductors
575
Part III Applications
580
21 Diodes
581
22 LighttoElectricity Conversion
669
23 ElectricitytoLight Conversion
724
24 Transistors
787
Appendix ATensors
843

8 Transport
255
9 Optical Properties
291
10 Recombination
343
Part II Selected Topics
382
11 Surfaces
385
12 Heterostructures
398
13 External Fields
437
14 Nanostructures
461
15 Polarized Semiconductors
488
16 Magnetic Semiconductors
505
17 Organic Semiconductors
514
18 Graphene and Carbon Nanotubes
529
Appendix BPoint and Space Groups
846
Appendix CKramersKronig Relations
851
Appendix DOscillator Strength
853
Appendix EQuantum Statistics
859
Appendix FKronigPenney Model
865
Appendix GThe k p Perturbation Theory
868
Appendix HEffectiveMass Theory
873
Appendix IBoltzmann Transport Theory
875
Appendix JNoise
881
References
891
Index
966
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About the author (2015)

Professor Dr. Marius Grundman studied physics at the Technical University of Berlin. He worked on the epitaxy and characterization of electronic and optical properties of semiconductor heterostructures and nanostructures as well as devices made from them. He has been Professor of Experimental Physics at the University of Leipzig since 2000.