UK Success Stories in Industrial Mathematics

Front Cover
Philip J. Aston, Anthony J. Mulholland, Katherine M.M. Tant
Springer, Feb 4, 2016 - Mathematics - 303 pages
This publication showcases the work of UK mathematicians and statisticians by describing industrial problems that have been successfully solved, together with a summary of the financial and/or societal impact that arose from the work. The articles are grouped by sector, and include contributions to climate modelling, engineering and health. The articles are based on Impact Case Studies that were submitted to the Research Excellence Framework (REF2014), a UK government sponsored exercise that assessed the research quality within UK universities.
There are many publications in the realm of ‘popular mathematics’ as well as a vast research literature that underpins this. This work is aimed at a middle ground between these two. Articles contain some mathematical detail, but the emphasis is on telling the story of a successful collaboration between academia and industry and on the results obtained. UK Success Stories in Industrial Mathematics is therefore accessible to a wide readership with interest in the applications of mathematics and statistics to problems of industrial importance and to those interested in how mathematics and statistics research affects our everyday lives and leads to economic and societal benefits.
 

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Contents

Application of Data Assimilation to Ocean and Climate Prediction
3
Improving Weather Forecasting Accuracy by Using rAdaptive Methods Coupled to Data Assimilation Algorithms
11
Why Statistics Matter
19
The New Dynamical Core of the Met Office Weather and Climate Prediction Model
27
Part II Environmental Modelling
34
Icy Geysers and Liquid Water on Enceladus
37
Enabling Better DecisionMaking by Wildlife Managers
45
Avalanche Defence Schemes
52
CostEffective Simulation and Prediction of Explosions for Military and Public Safety and for Improved Oil Extraction
153
Decision Analytic Framework for a Decision Support System for Nuclear Emergency Management
163
Developing Frequency Assignment Techniques for British Military Communication Systems
170
Part VI Technology
178
Detecting Unusual Behaviour and Mining Unstructured Data
179
Industrial Application of Multiscale Texture Analysis
189
Theory of Tunneling Magnetoresistance and Its Application to Hard Disk Technology
196
Modelling of Thermoforming Processes for BioDegradable Thermoplastic Materials
205

Radiometric Dating of Environmental Records in Natural Archives
59
Bayesian SpatioTemporal Modelling to Deliver More Accurate and Instantaneous Air Pollution Forecasts
67
Part III Engineering
75
Modelling and Analysis of Floating Ocean Wave Energy Extraction Devices
76
SeaWave Impact on Coastal Structures
83
Industrial Impact of Bayes Linear Analysis
91
Rational Assessment of Fluid Impact Loads
99
Metamaterial Systems and Routing of Elastic Waves in Engineered Structures
106
Part IV Aerospace
114
The Reduction of Sound from Aircraft Engines
115
Techniques for Improved Electromagnetic Design in the Aerospace Industry
125
Dynamical Systems Methods for Evaluating Aircraft Ground Manoeuvres
131
Impact on Aircraft Design at the Boeing Company
137
Improving Aircraft Safety in Icing Conditions
144
Part V Military and Security
152
Chemometric Methods for Improved Food Safety and Traceability
211
Part VII Health
219
Mathematical Modelling of the Dynamics of Meningococcal Meningitis in Africa
221
Practical Uses of Quality Assessment for HighDimensional Gene Expression Data
227
Life Expectancy with Cerebral Palsy and Other Neurological Injuries
236
A ThirtyPeriod Crossover Trial
243
Bringing Awareness of Fluid Mechanics to Reproductive Medicine
250
Influencing HIVAIDS Policy in India Through Mathematical Modelling
257
Part VIII Business and Finance
262
Applications of Singularity Theory and 3D Modelling in Arts and Retail
263
The Graph Whisperers
271
Statistical Challenges in Retail Credit Analysis
281
Improved WeatherRisk Management for the Energy Sector
289
Statistical Management of PayPerClick Processes for Search Engines
297
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