Thorium Energy for the World: Proceedings of the ThEC13 Conference, CERN, Globe of Science and Innovation, Geneva, Switzerland, October 27-31, 2013

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Jean-Pierre Revol, Maurice Bourquin, Yacine Kadi, Egil Lillestol, Jean-Christophe de Mestral, Karel Samec
Springer, Apr 5, 2016 - Science - 446 pages

The Thorium Energy Conference (ThEC13) gathered some of the world’s leading experts on thorium technologies to review the possibility of destroying nuclear waste in the short term, and replacing the uranium fuel cycle in nuclear systems with the thorium fuel cycle in the long term. The latter would provide abundant, reliable and safe energy with no CO2 production, no air pollution, and minimal waste production.

The participants, representatives of 30 countries, included Carlo Rubbia, Nobel Prize Laureate in physics and inventor of the Energy Amplifier; Jack Steinberger, Nobel Prize Laureate in physics; Hans Blix, former Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA); Rolf Heuer, Director General of CERN; Pascal Couchepin, former President of the Swiss Confederation; and Claude Haegi, President of the FEDRE, to name just a few.

The ThEC13 proceedings are a source of reference on the use of thorium for energy generation. They offer detailed technical reviews of the status of thorium energy technologies, from basic R&D to industrial developments.

They also describe how thorium can be used in critical reactors and in subcritical accelerator-driven systems (ADS), answering the important questions:

– Why is thorium so attractive and what is the role of innovation, in particular in the nuclear energy domain?

– What are the national and international R&D programs on thorium technologies and how are they progressing?

ThEC13 was organized jointly by the international Thorium Energy Committee (iThEC), an association based in Geneva, and the International Thorium Energy Organisation (IThEO). It was held in the Globe of Science and Innovation at the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN), Geneva, Switzerland, in October 2013.


 

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Contents

1 Welcome
4
2 Un Plaidoyer Pour Linnovation
5
3 A Plea for Innovation English Version
7
4 A Future for Thorium Power?
9
National and International Thorium Programmes
26
Leveraging Opportunities with Thorium
27
6 Thorium Energy and Molten Salt Reactor RD in China
37
7 The Japanese Thorium Program
45
43 Virginia Nuclear Energy Frontier Research Center
296
44 ThoriumLoaded AcceleratorDriven System Experiments at the Kyoto University Research Reactor Institute
299
45 A Status and Prospect of ThoriumBased ADS in Korea
305
46 Proposal of the ADS Research Stand Based on the Linac of the Institute for Nuclear Research of the Russian Academy of Sciences
311
GravityDriven Dense Granular Flow Targets
327
48 AcceleratorDriven Systems for Thorium Utilization in India
333
49 iThECs Approach Toward Nuclear Waste Transmutation and Energy Production with Thorium
341
Part VII Summary of the Round Table Discussion
346

8 Thorium Fuel Cycle Activities in IAEA
50
9 Overview of European Experience with Thorium Fuels
51
10 Overview of the Thorium Programme in India
59
11 The Role of Thorium in Nuclear RD in the UK
70
12 Feasibility and Desirability of Employing the Thorium Fuel Cycle for Power Generation
77
A Flexible and FastSpectrum Irradiation Facility
88
Innovative ThoriumReactor Concepts
97
Past Achievements and Future Prospects
99
Theory and Practice
111
16 LiquidFluoride Thorium Reactor Development Strategy
117
Possibilities Challenges and Paths Forward
122
18 A Global and a Turkish Perspective of Thorium Fuel for Nuclear Energy
127
19 Opportunities and Challenges for Thorium in Commercial Molten Salt Reactors
133
20 Current Czech RD in Thorium Molten Salt Reactor MSR Technology and Future Directions
138
21 ThEC13 Welcome Talk
145
22 Thorium Nuclear Power and Nonproliferation
147
23 The Road to Enablement for a LiquidFuel Reactor Fuelled by Thorium
151
ThoriumFuel Cycle and Transmutation
152
24 Overview of the Thor Energy Thorium Fuel Development Program
153
25 Utilization Potential of Thorium in FusionFission Hybrid Reactors and AcceleratorDriven Systems
161
26 A View on the Thorium Fuel Cycle
166
27 Recycling Challenges of ThoriumBased Fuels
171
Pyrochemical and Aqueous Routes
177
29 Paul Scherrer Institutes Studies on Advanced Molten Salt Reactor Fuel Cycle Options
184
ThoriumReactor Physics
193
30 Nuclear Data Development Related to the ThU Fuel Cycle in China
195
31 Nuclear Data Development Related to the ThU Fuel Cycle in India
199
32 Nuclear Data for the Thorium Fuel Cycle and the Transmutation of Nuclear Waste
207
33 Fast Reactor Physics
215
34 Introduction to the Physics of Thorium Molten Salt Fast Reactor MSFR Concepts
222
AcceleratorDriven Systems
232
35 AcceleratorDriven Systems ADS Physics and Motivations
233
36 Review of Accelerators for AcceleratorDriven Systems ADS
243
37 Cyclotron Drivers for AcceleratorDriven Systems
249
The MYRRHA Accelerator eXperiment RD Program
259
39 Accelerators for AcceleratorDriven Subcritical Reactors
265
40 Spallation Target Developments
273
The Worlds First HighPower Liquid Metal Spallation Neutron Source
278
42 Target Design for a Thorium AcceleratorDriven Molten Salt Reactor ADMSR
289
50 National and International Thorium Programmes Sessions 1 2
347
51 Innovative Thorium Reactor Concepts Sessions 3 4 5
348
52 ThoriumFuel Cycle and Transmutation Sessions 6 7
353
53 ThoriumReactor Physics Session 8
355
The Accelerator Session 9
357
The Spallation Target Session 10
359
National Projects Session 11
361
National Projects Session 12
362
Part VII Conclusion
365
58 ThEC13 Summary and a Look into the Future
367
National and International Thorium Programmes
372
59 Neutronic Analysis and Transmutation Performance of ThBased Molten Salt Fuels
375
Comparison Between AcceleratorDriven Systems and FusionFission Systems
378
Innovative ThoriumReactor Concepts
382
61 Generation IV Reactor Cooling by GasLift
383
62 The Bumpy Road to a Technology Strategy Board Grant
389
63 Experimental Activities on Heavy Liquid Metal ThermoHydraulics
391
64 Combined Effect of Irradiation and Molten Fluoride Salt on NiBased Alloys
393
ThoriumFuel Cycle and Transmutation
395
65 HighConversion ThU233 Fuel Cycle for Current Generation in PWRs
396
An Option for Brazilian Nuclear Plants
399
67 Evaluation of Fuel Cycles Based on UTh and PuTh Mixtures in a Very High Temperature Hybrid System
403
68 Thermal Modeling of Thorium SpherePac Fuel in an Annular Pin Design
405
69 Theoretical Modelling of ThO2 Grain Boundaries Using a Novel Interatomic Potential
407
70 A Novel Approach for Preferential Recovery of 90Sr from Irradiated ThO2
409
Thorium Reactor Physics
411
71 Preliminary Applications of ANET Code for the Investigation of the Hybrid Soliton Reactor Concept
412
A Thorium Reactor?
415
AcceleratorDriven Systems
417
73 GEMSTAR Multipurpose Applications
419
74 A Provisional Study of ADS Within the Turkic Accelerator Complex Project
422
75 ADS Research Activities at Sungkyunkwan University
425
76 Design of a Compact Transportable Neutron Source in TIARAEUFP7
429
77 A 800 MeVu 16 MW Cyclotron Complex
433
78 A 4 MW HighPower Spallation Source for an ADS Demonstrator
436
79 Subcriticality Monitoring for the AcceleratorDriven Thorium Reactor ADTRTM Control
441
80 Utilization Potential of Thorium in CANDU Reactors and in FusionFission Hybrid Reactors
443
81 Stop Designing Reactors
445
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Editors : Jean-Pierre Revol, et al., International Thorium Energy Committee (iThEC), Rue François Dussaud 17, 1227 Genève Acacias, Switzerland

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