Research Methodology: The Aims, Practices and Ethics of Science

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Springer, Feb 22, 2016 - Science - 326 pages

This book is an in-depth guide to effective scientific research. Ranging from the philosophical to the practical, it explains at the outset what science can – and can’t – achieve, and discusses its relationship to mathematics and laws. The author then pays extensive attention to the scientific method, including experimental design, verification, uncertainty and statistics. A major aim of the book is to help young scientists reflect upon the deeper aims of their work and make the best use of their talents in contributing to progress. To this end, it also includes sections on planning research, on presenting one’s findings in writing, as well as on ethics and the responsibilities of scientists.

 

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Contents

1 Introduction
1
2 Science
7
3 Hypotheses Theories and Laws
77
Their Justification and Acceptance
97
5 Measurement
114
6 Experimentation
137
7 Scientific Method and the Design of Research
175
8 Uncertainty Probability and Statistics in Research
206
9 Research
257
10 Ethics and Responsibility in Scientific Research
272
References
307
Index
313
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About the author (2016)

Dr. Peter Pruzan is Professor Emeritus at the Department of Management, Politics & Philosophy, Copenhagen Business School (CBS) in Denmark. He was born and raised in the United States, holds degrees from Princeton (B.Sc.), Harvard (MBA), Case-Western Reserve (PhD), and the University of Copenhagen (Sc.D.). He is a naturalised Danish citizen. Peter Pruzan has been the president of a successful, innovative, international consultancy and held professorships at the Technical University of Denmark, the University of Copenhagen and CBS. He spends roughly half of each year abroad, primarily in India, where he mentors PhD students on Research Methodology.