Energy from Nuclear Fission: An Introduction
Springer, Jun 18, 2016 - Technology & Engineering - 278 pages
This book provides an overview on nuclear physics and energy production from nuclear fission. It serves as a readable and reliable source of information for anyone who wants to have a well-balanced opinion about exploitation of nuclear fission in power plants. The text is divided into two parts; the first covers the basics of nuclear forces and properties of nuclei, nuclear collisions, nuclear stability, radioactivity, and provides a detailed discussion of nuclear fission and relevant topics in its application to energy production. The second part covers the basic technical aspects of nuclear fission reactors, nuclear fuel cycle and resources, safety, safeguards, and radioactive waste management. The book also contains a discussion of the biological effects of nuclear radiation and of radiation protection, and a summary of the ten most relevant nuclear accidents. The book is suitable for undergraduates in physics, nuclear engineering and other science subjects. However, the mathematics is kept at a level that can be easily followed by wider circles of readers. The addition of solved problems, strategically placed throughout the text, and the collections of problems at the end of the chapters allow readers to appreciate the quantitative aspects of various phenomena and processes. Many illustrations and graphs effectively supplement the text and help visualising specific points.
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2 Radioactivity and Penetrating Power of Nuclear Radiation
3 Nuclear Reactions and Fission
Energy from Nuclear Fission
4 Nuclear Reactors
5 Nuclear Safety and Security
6 Management of Radioactive Waste
Energy from Nuclear Fission
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absorbed accident activity amount atomic mass atomic number average binding energy burnup Calculate chain reaction chemical collision contains control rods coolant cooling ð Þ defence-in-depth density disposal dose electricity electron elements emission emitted energy released enriched exposure factor fast neutrons fast reactors fissile fissile material fission fragments fission products fuel cycle gamma half-life heat heavy-water helium hydrogen IAEA increase International ionising irradiation isotopes keff kinetic energy light-water long-lived mass number minor actinides moderator natural uranium neutron capture nuclear energy nuclear fission nuclear fuel nuclear power plants nuclear reactor nucleons nucleus nuclides number of neutrons number of nuclei number of protons occurs operation particles plutonium power reactors Pressurised Water Reactor Problem produced protons radiation radioactive decay radioactive material radioactive waste radionuclides reprocessing safety Sect spent fuel stable steam target thermal energy thermal neutrons tonnes transmutation typically unit unstable